Shoulder Pain in Brentwood, MO. If you live with shoulder pain, you know how debilitating it can be. It makes everything from brushing your teeth to serving an ace on the tennis court painful and, sometimes, unfeasible. But you do not need to live the rest of your life with pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes PT in Brentwood, MO, our experienced physical therapists specialize in tailored treatment modalities, proven to work through research, to get you back to striking out opponents, or just combing your hair pain-free. Trust in us to turn your shoulder pain from a daily occurrence into a thing of the past. Request an appointment through our website or find the location most convenient for you.
How Does the Shoulder Work? | Shoulder Pain in Brentwood, MO
The shoulder is one of the the largest and most complex joints we have. In actuality, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is a ball and socket joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. Because the top of the upper arm bone is several times larger than the socket, it allows for more movement than any other joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the collarbone to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane style synovial joint, it allows you to outstretch your arm.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the clavicle meets the breastbone at the bottom of the neck. This joint is where the arm and body meet, it links the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the part of rib cage at the back of our bodies.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the upper arm bone, which power movement and stabilize the ball of the humerus within the shoulder socket
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the shoulder
- the four shoulder ligaments which help connect bone to bone and provide stability for the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow for the brain and muscles to communicate with each other
- the arteries that supply nutritious blood to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons
Being able to move your shoulder pain free depends on every part of the system functioning well. Blood must flow freely to the shoulder keep oxygen levels and muscles strong and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments that attach our bones need to be similarly healthy, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any of these functions are not being carried out in a healthy way, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain or any other symptoms of a shoulder injury, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain can be caused by numerous different circumstances, from sports injuries to a car accident, a work injury from repeated activities to old age. Below are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Brentwood, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that act as shock absorbers and reduce friction in joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because irritated after repeated activities, often occurs at the same time as rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make basic activities like getting dressed immensely painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis generally occurs because of a tendon becoming irritated. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, repeated overhead motions, or other overhead activities common in some competitive and activities and occupations, such as volleyball or lifting boxes overhead.
- Chronic: The result of wear and tear or the body becoming weaker as we age.
Symptoms include aching, throbbing, and slight swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by sudden trauma, like a blow to the shoulder, or wear and tear. They usually start with fraying and then tear. People often live with partial tears obliviously. Full-thickness tears, where the tendon is completely detached from the bone, often require surgery. Common symptoms are pain when performing certain movements, pain when sleeping, and a clicking feeling when performing specific movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings because of an injury. Shoulder impingement occurs the most in people who play sports or are otherwise active.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the humerus is forced out of the shoulder socket, and also can happen suddenly or from overuse. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often happens in combination with injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Long-term instability will result in shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While there are at least six kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most typically suffers from osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones weakens and wears away. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, frequent trauma, and overuse. There is no cure for arthritis, but effective pain management can be found with Brentwood, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and shoulder blade are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They are often the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or high-energy collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, along with considerable swelling and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are compressed, when scar tissue interferes with their electric signals, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by high-impact trauma but can also happen because of overuse.
At times, one injury leads to another, for example a fracture causing damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our safe, free injury screenings in Brentwood, MO may help determine the underlying cause. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Brentwood, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a customized treatment plan with knowledgeable physical therapists that are experts in movement health in Brentwood, MO can be a great way to return to optimal movement health.
How Do Brentwood, MO Physical Therapists Treat Shoulder Pain?
Your personalized and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to identify soft tissue restrictions, smooth out scar tissue, and treat the affected area
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, coordinated together with your surgeon, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and keep you safe as you participate in physical activity or work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to offer your shoulder a low-intensity exercise with high-intensity benefits
- Trigger point dry needling to target irritated soft tissue deeper in the body to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to make sure you do not contribute to your injuries or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you do not lose your active lifestyle in the future
- Other safe, effective exercises to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law requires a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s necessary to speak to your Brentwood, MO physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our knowledgeable physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to ensure you are getting the care that fits into your overall treatment plan.
Brentwood, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is imperative to not only living our every day life, but to keeping up the active lifestyles we desire. At Axes, we focus on patient results for our Brentwood, MO clients by developing proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. You do not have to delay in getting back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Make an appointment online or reach out to our location nearest you.