Shoulder Pain in Hopewell, MO. Those who experience shoulder pain know how debilitating it can be. It makes everything from driving to making a breakaway layup frustrating and, sometimes, not even an option. But you do not need to live the rest of your life with pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes Physical Therapy in Hopewell, MO, our experienced physical therapists create customized treatment plans, backed by proven research, to get you back to striking out opponents, or just combing your hair pain-free. Allow us to turn your shoulder pain from a daily occurrence into a thing of the past. Make an appointment through our website or call our location most convenient for you.
The Human Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Hopewell, MO
The shoulder is among the largest and most intricate joints we have. In truth, it is a multiplex of four joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. As the the top of the humerus is 3-4 times larger than the socket, it is the most mobile joint in the body.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the clavicle to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the scapula. A gliding joint, it helps extend the upper extremity from the trunk.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the clavicle meets the breastbone at the foundation of the neck. This joint is where the arm and torso meet, it coordinates the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have ligaments connecting it to bone. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the part of rib cage at the back of our bodies.
In order to support those four joints, the shoulder is made up of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the upper arm bone, which power movement and keep the ball of the humerus stable
- the shoulder capsule, a tough sheath or membrane that surrounds and protects the joints in the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which help connect bone to bone and help reinforce the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow the brain to tell the shoulder and arm to move and the shoulder to tell the brain when it feels pain or other sensory information
- the arteries that pump nutritious blood to the shoulder
Being able to move your shoulder pain free depends on every part of the system functioning well. Sufficient blood must flow to the shoulder efficiently to keep oxygen levels and muscles strong and stimulate the body’s natural recovery processes. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be intact and strong, the ligaments connecting bones need to help maintain structure, and messages most be able to be sent and received between the brain and shoulder. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder has so many moving parts, shoulder pain can have many root causes, from sports injuries to falls, a work injury from overuse to old age. Below are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Hopewell, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because irritated after repeated activities, often occurs at the same time as rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make basic tasks like laying down to go to sleep exceedingly painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by a tendon becoming irritated. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, excessive throwing, or other overhead activities common in some sports and occupations, such as volleyball or lifting and lowering objects.
- Chronic: The result of degenerative conditions or the body becoming weaker as we get older.
Symptoms include smarting pain, throbbing, and slight swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by sudden trauma, such a blow to the shoulder, or more chronic in nature. They usually start with fraying and then tear. People often live with partial thickness tears unaware. Complete tears, which go all the way through the tendon, do not heal by themselves. Associated symptoms are pain with certain movements, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a cracking sensation when performing certain motions.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement occurs when your acromion (the bony tip of your shoulder blade) pinches the rotator cuff and bursae. It often occurs in tandem with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, but rather by physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become stretched, torn, or detached, and also can happen suddenly or from overuse. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Chronic instability will cause shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, osteoarthritis is the condition that typically affects the shoulder. Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bones. Common causes include tissue weakening as we become older, persistent trauma, and wear and tear. There is no cure for arthritis, but you can find effective pain management techniques with Hopewell, MO physical and occupational therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and scapula are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They are often the result of falling from a height or high-energy collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, and the shoulder will experience substantial inflammation and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue blocks signals between the brain and shoulder, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain, stingers, numbness, and loss of feeling in your shoulder, arm, or hand. They are commonly caused by sudden trauma but can also occur because of overuse.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as instability that leads to impingement. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Hopewell, MO may help determine the underlying cause. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Hopewell, MO may use a physical examination, various imaging techniques, and/or arthroscopy. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a customized treatment plan with experienced physical therapists that are experts in movement health in Hopewell, MO can be a great way to get you back to the activities you love.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Hopewell, MO
Your personalized and proven physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any soft tissue disorders
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your physician, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in physical activity or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to strengthen muscles while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target harder-to-reach damaged muscles, ligaments, and tendons to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to make sure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or heal improperly
- Injury prevention so you do not lose your active lifestyle in the future
- Other safe, effective exercises to optimize your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 states that you need a prescription to attend physical therapy appointments, so it’s necessary to speak to your Hopewell, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to make sure your treatment plan is safe for your condition.
Hopewell, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is important to not only carrying out daily tasks with ease, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for Hopewell, MO residents by implementing proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and desired activity level. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Make an appointment online or find the location nearest you.