Shoulder Pain in Marlborough, MO. If you live with shoulder pain, you know how hard it can be to manage. It can make everything from pouring a cup of coffee to diving for a softball painful and, in some cases, impossible. But you do not have to accept pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes Physical Therapy in Marlborough, MO, our licensed physical therapists are experts at developing personalized treatment plans, based on evidence, to get you back to optimal movement health. Trust in us to safely and effectively treat your shoulder pain. Request an appointment online or reach out to our location nearest you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Marlborough, MO
The shoulder is among human body’s largest and most complex joints. In truth, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is a ball and socket joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. Given the relatively shallow socket, it is the most mobile joint in the body.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the clavicle to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane style synovial joint, it allows you to outstretch your arm.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the clavicle meets the breastbone at the bottom of the neck. This joint is where the arm and torso meet, it connects the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have ligaments connecting it to bone. It is made up of the shoulder blade and its articulation with the ribcage.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the humerus, which allow for movement movement and keep the head of the humerus firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the shoulder
- the four shoulder ligaments which provide passive stability while still allowing for a wide range of movements
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow the brain to tell the shoulder and arm to move and the shoulder to tell the brain when it feels pain or other sensory information
- the arteries that pump nutrient-rich blood to the shoulder
Proper shoulder strength, flexibility, and movement depends on every part of the system being healthy and working together. Blood must flow freely to the shoulder keep oxygen levels and muscles strong and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be intact and strong, the ligaments connecting bones need to be similarly healthy, and the nerves need to have a strong and secure connection to the brain. When any of these functions are not being carried out in a healthy way, it can lead to a breakdown of the entire complex, and anywhere from nagging to severe shoulder pain or loss of function. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a no-risk, no-obligation injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder has so many moving parts, shoulder pain can have any of a number of root causes, from sports injuries to a car accident, a work injury from overuse to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. Below are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Marlborough, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and other joints. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming swollen after repeated activities, often occurs at the same time as inflammation of the rotator cuff, and can make basic tasks like getting dressed exceedingly difficult.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by inflammation or irritation of a tendon. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, excessive overhead motions, or other overhead activities common in some sports and occupations, such as volleyball or lifting boxes overhead.
- Chronic: This can happen because of degenerative conditions or the body becoming weaker as we get older.
The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside the joint.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be acute, such lifting an incredibly heavy object, or more chronic in nature. They usually start with fraying and then tear. People often live with partial thickness tears obliviously. Complete tears, which pull the tendon off the bone, do not heal by themselves. Symptoms include pain when performing specific motions, pain when sleeping, and a popping feeling when performing certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement describes when your acromion (outer edge of your scapula) irritates the rotator cuff and bursae. It often occurs in combination with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, but rather by physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the ball of the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become damaged, and also can be the result of injury or overuse. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Long-term instability will cause shoulder pain and a sense of the shoulder “giving way.”
- Arthritis — While there are at least six kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most commonly suffers from osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. It can be the result of old age, persistent trauma, and wear and tear. Arthritis cannot be cured, but effective pain management can be found with Marlborough, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The upper arm bone, clavicle, and shoulder blade are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or high-energy collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, along with substantial swelling and bruising.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are stretched, when scar tissue blocks communication between the brain and shoulder, or the nerves burst. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by high-impact trauma but can also occur because of degenerative conditions.
At times, one injury leads to another, for example a dislocation causing damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our safe, free injury screenings in Marlborough, MO may help determine the underlying cause. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Marlborough, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy. Most people who experience shoulder pain can find recovery with a tailored treatment plan with licensed physical therapists and movement health specialists in Marlborough, MO can be an effective way to return to a pain-free daily life and the active lifestyle you deserve.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Marlborough, MO
Your customized and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any problems with your muscles, ligaments, or tendons
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your physician, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in physical activity or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to improve strength while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target harder-to-reach irritated soft tissue to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to ensure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you do not lose your active lifestyle in the future
- Other safe, effective treatment methods to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law dictates that you need a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s necessary to speak to your Marlborough, MO doctor to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists are responsible and work closely with your primary care physician to make sure you are getting the care that is safe for your condition.
Other services we offer in Marlborough, MO include:
- Soft Tissue Mobilization
- Post Surgical Rehabilitation
- Shin Splint Treatment
- Direct Access Physical Therapy
- Gait Analysis
- Pelvic Floor Therapy
- Dry Needling Near Me
- Tendonitis Treatment
- Manual Physical Therapy
- Orthopedic Rehab Near Me
Marlborough, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is imperative to not only carrying out daily tasks with ease, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for our Marlborough, MO clients by developing proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and desired activity level. You do not have to delay in getting back to the things you love doing most and a pain-free life. Make an appointment online or reach out to our location most convenient for you.