Shoulder Pain in Innsbrook, MO. If you live with shoulder pain, you know the effect it can have on your life. It makes everything from brushing your teeth to diving for a softball painful and, sometimes, unfeasible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes PT in Innsbrook, MO, our experienced physical therapists specialize in tailored treatment modalities, proven to work through research, to get you back to the activities you love most. Allow us to turn your shoulder pain from a daily occurrence into a thing of the past. Request an appointment through our website or find the location nearest you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Innsbrook, MO
The shoulder is among human body’s largest and most intricate joints. In truth, what is referred to as the shoulder joint is made up of four different joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is a ball and socket joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into a relatively small dish called the glenoid. Given the relatively shallow socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the clavicle to the acromion, the part of the shoulder blade that is the highest part of the shoulder. A plane style synovial joint, it allows you to outstretch your arm.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the collarbone meets the sternum at the foundation of the neck. As the only joint that connects the arm to the body, it links the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have ligaments connecting it to bone. It is made up of the shoulder blade and its articulation with the ribcage.
In addition to those four joints, the shoulder consists of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the humerus, which power movement and keep the ball of the humerus slipping out of the socket
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which help connect bone to bone and provide stability for the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow for the brain and muscles to communicate with each other
- the blood vessels that pump nutrient-rich blood to the shoulder
Proper shoulder strength, flexibility, and movement depends on every part of the system functioning well. Blood must flow freely to the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help maintain structure, and the nerves need to have a strong and secure connection to the brain. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it can lead to a disruption of the whole network, and anywhere from nagging to severe shoulder pain or loss of function. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a complimentary injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder has so many moving parts, shoulder pain can have many root causes, from sports injuries to acute trauma, a work injury from repeated activities to old age. Below are common causes of shoulder pain that our team see in Innsbrook, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and other joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because swollen after overuse, often occurs in combination with irritation of the rotator cuff, and can make daily tasks like brushing your teeth incredibly painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by inflammation or irritation of a tendon. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of trauma, excessive throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some sports and fields of employment, such as track and field throwing events or lifting boxes overhead.
- Chronic: The result of degenerative conditions or the body becoming weaker as we get older.
The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside the joint.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be acute, like lifting an incredibly heavy object, or more chronic in nature. They usually start with fraying and then tear. A partial tear often goes unnoticed. Complete tears, which pull the tendon off the bone, often require surgery. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a clicking sensation when performing certain motions.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It often occurs in combination with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement occurs the most in people who play sports or are otherwise active.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the humerus is forced out of the shoulder socket, and also can be the result of injury or overuse. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often is accompanied by injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Long-term instability will result in shoulder pain and a sense of the shoulder “giving way.”
- Arthritis — While there are at least six kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most commonly suffers from osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. Common causes include tissue weakening as we become older, repeated trauma, and wear and tear. There is no cure for arthritis, but effective pain management can be found with Innsbrook, MO physical and occupational therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, clavicle, and scapula are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or high-energy collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, and the shoulder will experience substantial inflammation and bruising.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue interferes with their electric signals, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. These injuries can cause shoulder pain, stingers, weakness, and loss of feeling in your shoulder, arm, or hand. They are usually the result of sudden trauma but can also happen because of wear and tear.
Sometimes, injuries are intertwined, such as instability that leads to impingement. If you’re currently suffering from shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Innsbrook, MO may help you discover the root of it. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Innsbrook, MO may use a physical examination, various imaging techniques, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. Most people who experience shoulder pain can find relief with a customized treatment plan with certified physical therapists that are experts in movement health in Innsbrook, MO can be an effective way to return to the things you love to do the most.
How Do Innsbrook, MO Physical Therapists Treat Shoulder Pain?
Your customized and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any problems with your muscles, ligaments, or tendons
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your physician, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in sports or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to offer your shoulder a low-intensity exercise with high-intensity benefits
- Trigger point dry needling to target harder-to-reach damaged soft tissue to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to make sure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you do not lose your active lifestyle in the future
- Other safe, effective techniques to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 requires a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s important to speak to your Innsbrook, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our knowledgeable physical and occupational therapists are responsible and work closely with your primary care physician to make sure your treatment plan is safe for your condition.
Innsbrook, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
A healthy shoulder is essential to not only living our every day life, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for our Innsbrook, MO clients by creating proven treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. You do not have to delay in getting back to the things you love doing most and a pain-free life. Request an appointment online or call the location nearest you.