Shoulder Pain in Defiance, MO. If you live with shoulder pain, you know how hard it can be to manage. It can make everything from pouring a cup of coffee to diving for a softball painful and, for some of us, unfeasible. But pain and limited shoulder movement does not have to be a part of your everyday life. At Axes Physical Therapy in Defiance, MO, our licensed physical therapists create personalized treatment modalities, proven to work through research, to get you back to striking out opponents, or just combing your hair pain-free. Allow us to safely and effectively treat your shoulder pain. Schedule an appointment through our website or reach out to the location nearest you.
The Human Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Defiance, MO
The shoulder is among human body’s largest and most intricate joints. In truth, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into a relatively small dish called the glenoid. As the top of the upper arm bone is 3-4 times larger than the socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the collarbone to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane style synovial joint, it allows your shoulder blade to follow the movements of the other shoulder joints.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint formed by the clavicle the breastbone at the foundation of the neck. As the only joint that connects the arm to the torso, it connects the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have ligaments connecting it to bone. It is made up of the scapula and its articulation with the ribcage.
In order to support those four joints, the shoulder consists of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the humerus, which allow for movement movement and stabilize and protect the glenohumeral joint
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that encloses the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which help connect bone to bone and provide stability for the capsule
- the biceps tendon and rotator cuff tendons which affix muscle to bone
- the brachial plexus nerves that send motor messages from the brain to muscles and sensory information (like pain) from the joints back to the brain
- the arteries that pump nutritious blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly every joint, ligament, tendon, muscle, artery, capsule, and nerve must be able to work together. Sufficient blood must reach to the shoulder efficiently to maintain healthy soft tissue and stimulate the body’s natural recovery processes. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be intact and strong, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help maintain structure, and the nerves need to have a strong and secure connection to the brain. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it can lead to a breakdown of the whole system, and anywhere from nagging to intense shoulder pain or loss of function. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain or any other symptoms of a shoulder injury, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a no-risk, no-obligation injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain can be caused by numerous different circumstances, from sports injuries to being struck by an object, a work injury from overuse to old age. The following are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Defiance, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that act as shock absorbers and reduce friction in joints. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming swollen after repeated activities, often occurs at the same time as irritation of the rotator cuff, and can make basic activities like getting dressed immensely difficult.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by a tendon becoming irritated. There are two types of tendinitis:
- Acute: This can happen because of trauma, repeated throwing, or other overhead activities common in some sports and occupations, such as throwing overhead or lifting and lowering boxes.
- Chronic: This can happen because of wear and tear or general weakness as we age.
Symptoms include a dull ache, tenderness, and slight swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be acute, such falling on an outstretched arm, or repetitive movements or old age. The tendon is initially frayed before becoming torn. People often live with partial tears obliviously. Full-thickness tears, which go all the way through the tendon, do not heal by themselves. Common symptoms are pain when performing specific movements, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a cracking feeling with certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement describes when your acromion (the bony tip of your scapula) rubs against the rotator cuff and bursae. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings because of an injury. Shoulder impingement occurs the most in people who play sports or are otherwise active.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become damaged, and also can happen suddenly or from wear and tear. Dislocations can be repeated and partial or the entire bone coming out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Chronic instability will result in shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While there are many kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most typically suffers from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bones. Common causes include old age, repeated trauma, and wear and tear. Arthritis cannot be cured, but effective pain management can be found with Defiance, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, clavicle, and scapula are the bones in the shoulder most vulnerable to fracture. They usually happen as the result of falling from a height or high-energy collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is usually significant, along with considerable swelling and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are compressed, when scar tissue interferes with their electric signals, or the nerves burst. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by sudden trauma but can also occur because of wear and tear.
At times, one injury leads to another, for example how an untreated rotator cuff tear can lead to arthritis. If you’re currently suffering from shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Defiance, MO may help determine the root of it. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Defiance, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a tailored treatment plan with licensed physical therapists and movement health specialists in Defiance, MO can be a successful way to return to a pain-free daily life and the active lifestyle you deserve.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Defiance, MO
Your customized and proven physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any soft tissue disorders
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your surgeon, if you need surgery to relieve your shoulder pain
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and keep you safe as you participate in sports or go back to work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to improve strength while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target irritated muscles, ligaments, and tendons deeper in the body to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to ensure you do not contribute to your injuries or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you can keep participating in the activities you love
- Other safe, effective exercises to optimize your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 requires a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s important to speak to your Defiance, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to make sure you are getting the care that fits into your overall treatment plan.
Defiance, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is important to not only living our every day life, but to keeping up the active lifestyles we desire. At Axes, we focus on patient results for our Defiance, MO clients by developing proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and desired activity level. You do not have to delay in getting back to the things you love doing most and a pain-free life. Request an appointment online or reach out to the location most convenient for you.