Shoulder Pain in Pinckney, MO. Those who experience shoulder pain know the limitations it can place on your life. It can make everything from watering the flowers to serving an ace on the tennis court painful and, in some cases, unfeasible. But you do not have to accept pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes PT in Pinckney, MO, our professional physical therapists specialize in personalized treatment plans, based on evidence, to get you back to striking out opponents, or just combing your hair pain-free. Let us help you make your shoulder pain an ancient memory. Request an appointment through our website or call the location most convenient for you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Pinckney, MO
The shoulder is one of the the largest and most complex joints we have. In actuality, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. Given the relatively shallow socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is formed by the junction of the clavicle the acromion, the part of the shoulder blade that is the highest part of the shoulder. A plane style synovial joint, it allows for additional rotation of the shoulder blade.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a gliding joint formed by the clavicle the sternum at the bottom of the neck. This joint is where the arm and body meet, it links the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have typical joint characteristics. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the thoracic cage.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the upper arm bone, which power movement and keep the ball of the upper arm bone slipping out of the socket
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the joints in the shoulder
- the four shoulder ligaments which attach bones together and help reinforce the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that send motor messages from the brain to muscles and sensory information (like pain) from the joints back to the brain
- the arteries that pump nutrient-rich blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly every joint, ligament, tendon, muscle, artery, capsule, and nerve must be able to work together. Blood must be allowed to reach the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments connecting bones need to be similarly healthy, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any one of the parts of the shoulder is damaged, inflamed, or otherwise irritated, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a no-risk, no-obligation injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder has so many moving parts, shoulder pain can have any of a number of root causes, from sports injuries to acute trauma, a work injury from overuse to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. Below are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Pinckney, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and other joints. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming swollen after overuse, often occurs in combination with irritation of the rotator cuff, and can make daily activities like laying down to go to sleep immensely painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by a tendon becoming irritated. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: This can happen because of trauma, repeated throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some sports and fields of employment, such as swimming or lifting and lowering boxes.
- Chronic: This can happen because of wear and tear or the body becoming weaker as we get older.
Symptoms include smarting pain, tenderness, and mild swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by sudden trauma, like a blow to the shoulder, or repetitive movements or old age. The tendon is initially frayed before becoming torn. People often live with partial tears unknowingly. Full-thickness tears, where the tendon is no longer attached whatsoever to the bone, do not heal by themselves. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when sleeping, and a clicking feeling when performing certain motions.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It often occurs in tandem with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, and is most common in athletes or others who engage in physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket, and also can be the result of injury or wear and tear. Dislocations can be repeated and partial or the entire bone coming out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Long-term instability will cause shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, the shoulder most commonly suffers from osteoarthritis. It is the result of the cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between your bones breaks down. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, persistent injuries, and overuse. Arthritis cannot be cured, but you can find effective pain management techniques with Pinckney, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The upper arm bone, clavicle, and shoulder blade are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or high-impact collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, and the shoulder will experience substantial inflammation and bruising.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue blocks their electric signals, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain, stingers, numbness, and loss of feeling in your upper extremities. They are commonly caused by a sudden blow but can also occur because of wear and tear.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, for example how an untreated rotator cuff tear can lead to arthritis. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Pinckney, MO may help you discover the underlying cause. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Pinckney, MO may use a physical examination, various imaging techniques, and/or arthroscopy. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a customized treatment plan with knowledgeable physical therapists and movement health specialists in Pinckney, MO can be a great way to return to a pain-free daily life and the active lifestyle you deserve.
How Do Pinckney, MO Physical Therapists Treat Shoulder Pain?
Your tailored and proven physical therapy treatment plan may include:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any problems with your muscles, ligaments, or tendons
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your doctor, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in sports or work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to strengthen muscles while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to attack damaged soft tissue deeper in the body to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to make sure you do not contribute to your injuries or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you and your shoulder and stay healthy and active
- Other safe, effective techniques to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law states that you need a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s important to speak to your Pinckney, MO physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to ensure you are getting the care that fits into your overall treatment plan.
Pinckney, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is important to not only carrying out daily tasks with ease, but to keeping up the active lifestyles we desire. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for Pinckney, MO people of all ages by implementing proven treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Schedule an appointment through our website or reach out to the location nearest you.