Shoulder Pain in Maplewood, MO. Those who suffer from shoulder pain know how debilitating it can be. It can make any basic task from driving to diving for a softball frustrating and, sometimes, not even an option. But you do not need to live the rest of your life with pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes Physical Therapy in Maplewood, MO, our licensed physical therapists create personalized treatment plans, proven to work through research, to get you back to optimal movement health. Allow us to make your shoulder pain an ancient memory. Schedule an appointment online or call the location most convenient for you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Maplewood, MO
The shoulder is among the largest and most intricate joints we have. In truth, what we call the shoulder joint is made up of four different joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into the socket of the glenoid. Given the relatively shallow socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the collarbone to the acromion, the part of the scapula that is the highest part of the shoulder. A gliding joint, it helps extend the upper extremity from the trunk.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a gliding joint formed by the clavicle the sternum at the base of the neck. This joint is where the arm and body meet, it coordinates the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the thoracic cage.
In addition to those four joints, the shoulder is made up of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the upper arm bone, which power movement and stabilize the ball of the humerus within the shoulder socket
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that surrounds and protects the joints in the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which attach bones together and help reinforce the capsule
- the biceps tendon and rotator cuff tendons which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow for the brain and muscles to communicate with each other
- the arteries that pump much-needed blood to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons
In order for the shoulder to function properly the entire complex system must be able to work together. Blood must flow freely to the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help support proper structure, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any of these functions are not being carried out in a healthy way, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain or any other symptoms of a shoulder injury, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a no-risk, no-obligation injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain can be caused by a variety of circumstances, from sports injuries to falls, a work injury from repeated activities to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. The following are common causes of shoulder pain that our physical and occupations therapists see in Maplewood, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that act as shock absorbers and reduce friction in joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because inflamed after repeated activities, often occurs in combination with rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make daily activities like getting dressed immensely difficult.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by a tendon becoming irritated. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: This can happen because of a sudden blow, excessive throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some competitive and activities and occupations, such as tennis or lifting and lowering objects.
- Chronic: This can happen because of wear and tear or general weakness as we age.
Symptoms include aching, tenderness, and mild swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by acute injuries, such a blow to the shoulder, or more chronic in nature. They begin with fraying and ultimately tear. People often live with partial thickness tears unknowingly. Complete tears, where the tendon is no longer attached whatsoever to the bone, do not heal by themselves. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a cracking sensation when performing certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement occurs when your acromion (outer edge of your shoulder blade) pinches the soft tissue in your shoulder. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings after an injury. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, but rather by physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become stretched, torn, or detached, and also can be the result of injury or wear and tear. Dislocations can be repeated and partial or the entire bone coming out of the socket. It often happens in combination with injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Chronic instability will cause shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, the shoulder most typically experiences osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bones. Common causes include tissue weakening as we become older, persistent injuries, and wear and tear. There is no cure for arthritis, but effective pain management can be found with Maplewood, MO physical and occupational therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The upper arm bone, collarbone, and shoulder blade are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or forceful collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is usually significant, and the shoulder will experience considerable inflammation and bruising.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue interferes with their electric signals, or the nerves are otherwise damaged. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are usually the result of high-impact trauma but can also occur because of degenerative conditions.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as a dislocation causing damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our no-risk, free injury screenings in Maplewood, MO may help determine the root of it. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Maplewood, MO may use a physical examination, various imaging techniques, and/or arthroscopy. Most people who experience shoulder pain can experience relief with a tailored treatment plan with certified physical therapists and movement health specialists in Maplewood, MO can be an effective way to return to optimal movement health.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Maplewood, MO
Your personalized and proven physical therapy treatment plan may include:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any problems with your muscles, ligaments, or tendons
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your doctor, if you need surgery to relieve your shoulder pain
- Kinesio Taping® to provide support for your shoulder and allow you to participate in sports or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to strengthen muscles while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to attack irritated soft tissue deeper in the body to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to make sure you do not contribute to your injuries or heal improperly
- Injury prevention so you can keep participating in the activities you love
- Other safe, effective exercises to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law stipulates that you need a prescription to attend physical therapy appointments, so you need to reach out to your Maplewood, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our professional physical and occupational therapists form a team with your primary care physician to ensure you are getting the care that fits into your overall treatment plan.
Other services we offer in Maplewood, MO include:
- Shin Splint Treatment
- Direct Access Physical Therapy
- Gait Analysis
- Pelvic Floor Therapy
- Dry Needling Near Me
- Tendonitis Treatment
- Manual Physical Therapy
- Orthopedic Rehab Near Me
- Beginner Running Program
- Chronic Pain Treatment
Maplewood, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is important to not only living our every day life, but to keeping up the active lifestyles we desire. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for Maplewood, MO residents by developing proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. You do not have to delay in getting back to the things you love doing most and a pain-free life. Make an appointment through our website or call our location nearest you.