Shoulder Pain in Park Hills, MO. If you live with shoulder pain, you know the effect it can have on your life. It can make everything from driving to serving an ace on the tennis court frustrating and, for some of us, not even an option. But you do not need to live the rest of your life with pain and limited shoulder movement. At Axes PT in Park Hills, MO, our experienced physical therapists are experts at developing customized treatment modalities, based on evidence, to get you back to the activities you love most. Allow us to make your shoulder pain an ancient memory. Make an appointment through our website or find the location most convenient for you.
The Human Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Park Hills, MO
The shoulder is among human body’s largest and most intricate joints. In reality, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. Because the ball is several times larger than the socket, it is the most mobile joint in the body.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the clavicle to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane style synovial joint, it allows for additional rotation of the shoulder blade.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the clavicle meets the breastbone at the bottom of the neck. As the only joint that connects the arm to the torso, it coordinates the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It is made up of the scapula and its articulation with the ribcage.
In addition to those four joints, the shoulder is made up of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the humerus, which are responsible for movement and keep the head of the humerus firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that surrounds and protects the joints in the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which help connect bone to bone and help reinforce the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which affix muscle to bone
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow for the brain and muscles to communicate with each other
- the arteries that pump nutrient-rich blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly every joint, ligament, tendon, muscle, artery, capsule, and nerve must function well. Blood must be allowed to reach the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments connecting bones need to be similarly healthy, and messages most be able to be sent and received between the brain and shoulder. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain or any other symptoms of a shoulder injury, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder is complex, shoulder pain can have any of a number of root causes, from sports injuries to falls, a work injury from repeated activities to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. The following are common causes of shoulder pain that our team see in Park Hills, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and other joints. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming irritated after repeated activities, often occurs in association with shoulder impingement, and can make basic tasks like laying down to go to sleep immensely difficult.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by a tendon becoming irritated. There are two causes of tendinitis:
- Acute: This can happen because of a sudden blow, repeated throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some sports and occupations, such as throwing overhead or lifting and lowering objects.
- Chronic: This can happen because of wear and tear or the body becoming weaker as we age.
Symptoms include aching, throbbing, and slight swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by acute injuries, like falling on an outstretched arm, or more chronic in nature. The tendon is initially frayed before becoming torn. People often live with partial thickness tears unknowingly. Complete tears, which go all the way through the tendon, often require surgery. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when sleeping, and a clicking sensation with certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of the rotator cuff and bursae rubbing against your shoulder blade. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings after an injury. Shoulder impingement occurs the most in people who are physically active.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket, and also can happen suddenly or from wear and tear. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Long-term instability will cause shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While there are at least six types of arthritis, the shoulder most typically suffers from osteoarthritis. It is the result of the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. It can be the result of old age, persistent trauma, and overuse. Arthritis cannot be cured, but effective pain management is possible with Park Hills, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and scapula are the bones in the shoulder most prone to fracture. They usually happen as the result of falling from a height or forceful collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, and the shoulder will experience considerable inflammation and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue blocks their electric signals, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain, stingers, weakness, and loss of sensation in your shoulder, arm, or hand. They are usually the result of sudden trauma but can also occur because of wear and tear.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as a dislocation that leads to damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our safe, free injury screenings in Park Hills, MO may help you discover the underlying cause. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Park Hills, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a personalized treatment plan with professional physical therapists and movement health specialists in Park Hills, MO can be a successful way to return to optimal movement health.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Park Hills, MO
Your personalized and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any soft tissue disorders
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, coordinated together with your doctor, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to provide support for your shoulder and allow you to participate in sports or work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to strengthen muscles while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target irritated soft tissue deeper in the body to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to ensure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or heal improperly
- Injury prevention so you can keep participating in the activities you love
- Other safe, effective techniques to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law stipulates that you need a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s necessary to speak to your Park Hills, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists are responsible and work closely with your primary care physician to ensure you are getting the care that is safe for your condition.
Park Hills, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is imperative to not only living our every day life, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on patient results for our Park Hills, MO clients by developing evidence-backed treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and desired activity level. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Make an appointment through our website or reach out to the location nearest you.