Shoulder Pain in Clarkson Valley, MO. Those who experience shoulder pain know how hard it can be to manage. It can make everything from pouring a cup of coffee to making a breakaway layup painful and, for some of us, unfeasible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes Physical Therapy in Clarkson Valley, MO, our professional physical therapists create customized treatment plans, proven to work through research, to get you back to striking out opponents, or just combing your hair pain-free. Trust in us to safely and effectively treat your shoulder pain. Request an appointment through our website or find the location most convenient for you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Clarkson Valley, MO
The shoulder is among human body’s largest and most complex joints. In reality, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into a relatively small dish called the glenoid. Given the relatively shallow dish, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is formed by the junction of the clavicle the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane joint, it allows for additional rotation of the shoulder blade.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint formed by the clavicle the breastbone at the base of the neck. As the only joint that connects the arm to the torso, it it ensures your arm and body move in coordination.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It is made up of the scapula and its articulation with the ribcage.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the upper arm bone, which allow for movement movement and stabilize the ball of the humerus within the shoulder socket
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that surrounds and protects the shoulder
- the four shoulder ligaments which help connect bone to bone and help reinforce the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that send motor messages from the brain to muscles and sensory information (like pain) from the joints back to the brain
- the arteries that pump much-needed blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly every joint, ligament, tendon, muscle, artery, capsule, and nerve must be able to work together. Blood must flow freely to the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and stimulate the body’s natural healing processes. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help maintain structure, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a complimentary injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder is complex, shoulder pain can have any of a number of root causes, from sports injuries to a car accident, a work injury from overuse to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. The following are common causes of shoulder pain that our physical and occupations therapists see in Clarkson Valley, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles in and around your joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because irritated after overuse, often occurs in combination with irritation of the rotator cuff, and can make basic activities like carrying groceries tremendously painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis generally occurs because of a tendon becoming irritated. There are two causes of tendinitis:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, excessive throwing, or other overhead activities common in some competitive and activities and occupations, such as volleyball or lifting boxes overhead.
- Chronic: This can happen because of degenerative conditions or the body becoming weaker as we age.
The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside the joint.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by acute injuries, such a blow to the shoulder, or more chronic in nature. They begin with fraying and ultimately tear. A partial tear often goes unnoticed. Full-thickness tears, which pull the tendon off the bone, do not heal by themselves. Common symptoms are pain when performing certain motions, pain when sleeping, and a clicking feeling with certain motions.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It often occurs in combination with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, but rather by physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the head of the upper arm bone is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become stretched, torn, or detached, and also can happen suddenly or from overuse. Dislocations can be repeated and partial or the entire bone coming out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Long-term instability will cause shoulder pain and a sense of the shoulder “giving way.”
- Arthritis — While there are many kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most commonly suffers from osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, repeated trauma, and overuse. Arthritis cannot be cured, but effective pain management is possible with Clarkson Valley, MO physical and occupational therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The upper arm bone, clavicle, and scapula are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or high-impact collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is usually severe, and the shoulder will experience considerable swelling and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are stretched, when scar tissue blocks signals between the brain and shoulder, or the nerves are otherwise damaged. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by high-impact trauma but can also happen because of degenerative conditions.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as a dislocation causing damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Clarkson Valley, MO may help determine the root of it. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Clarkson Valley, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a tailored treatment plan with licensed physical therapists that specialize in movement health in Clarkson Valley, MO can be an effective way to return to the activities you love.
How Do Clarkson Valley, MO Physical Therapists Treat Shoulder Pain?
Your customized and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any problems with your muscles, ligaments, or tendons
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your physician, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to provide support for your shoulder and allow you to participate in physical activity or go back to work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to offer your shoulder a low-intensity exercise with high-intensity benefits
- Trigger point dry needling to attack damaged muscles, ligaments, and tendons deeper in the body to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to make sure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you can keep participating in the activities you love
- Other safe, effective techniques to optimize your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 requires a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s necessary to speak to your Clarkson Valley, MO physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to make sure your treatment plan is safe for your condition.
Clarkson Valley, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
A well-functioning shoulder is important to not only living our every day life, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on patient results for our Clarkson Valley, MO clients by creating proven treatment plans catered to your injury, pain level, age, and desired activity level. Do not wait to get back to the things you love doing most and a pain-free life. Make an appointment online or reach out to our location nearest you.