Shoulder Pain in Farmington, MO. Those who suffer from shoulder pain know how hard it can be to manage. It can make everything from driving to diving for a softball frustrating and, for some of us, unfeasible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes PT in Farmington, MO, our professional physical therapists create personalized treatment modalities, based on evidence, to get you back to the activities you love most. Let us help you make your shoulder pain an ancient memory. Make an appointment through our website or reach out to our location most convenient for you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Farmington, MO
The shoulder is one of the the largest and most intricate joints we have. In truth, it is a multiplex of four joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is a ball and socket joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into the socket of the glenoid. As the the top of the humerus is 3-4 times larger than the socket, it allows for more movement than any other joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint connects the clavicle to the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the scapula. A plane joint, it helps extend the upper extremity from the trunk.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a gliding joint formed by the clavicle the breastbone at the bottom of the neck. This joint is where the arm and body meet, it connects the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have typical joint characteristics. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the thoracic cage.
In order to support those four joints, the shoulder is made up of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the upper arm bone, which power movement and keep the ball of the upper arm bone stable
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which provide passive stability while still allowing for a wide range of movements
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which connect muscle to bone
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow for the brain and muscles to communicate with each other
- the arteries that supply nutritious blood to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons
Optimal shoulder and movement health depends on every part of the system functioning well. Sufficient blood must reach to the shoulder efficiently to maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons connecting them to the bones must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help maintain structure, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any one of the parts of the shoulder is damaged, inflamed, or otherwise irritated, it can lead to a breakdown of the whole system, and anywhere from nagging to debilitating shoulder pain or loss of function. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, contact Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder is complex, shoulder pain can have many root causes, from sports injuries to acute trauma, a work injury from overuse to old age. The following are the most common underlying conditions that lead to shoulder pain in Farmington, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that work as a cushion and gliding surface between muscles, bones, tendons, and skin. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming irritated after repeated activities, often occurs in combination with shoulder impingement, and can make basic activities like laying down for bed incredibly painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis is typically caused by inflammation or irritation of a tendon. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, repeated overhead motions, or other overhead activities needed in some sports and fields of employment, such as tennis or lifting and lowering objects.
- Chronic: This can happen because of wear and tear or the body becoming weaker as we get older.
The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside the joint.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be acute, such lifting an incredibly heavy object, or wear and tear. They usually start with fraying and then tear. People often live with partial thickness tears unaware. Complete tears, which go all the way through the tendon, often require surgery. Common symptoms are pain when performing certain motions, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a popping sensation with certain motions.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It often occurs alongside an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement is rarely caused by overuse, but rather by physical activity.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the humerus is forced out of the shoulder socket, and also can happen suddenly or from wear and tear. Dislocations can be repeated and partial or the entire bone coming out of the socket. It often happens in combination with injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Chronic instability will result in shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, the shoulder most commonly experiences osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones weakens and wears away. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, frequent injuries, and wear and tear. Arthritis cannot be cured, but effective pain management can be found with Farmington, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, clavicle, and shoulder blade are the most commonly broken bones in the shoulder. They usually happen as the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or forceful collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, along with considerable inflammation and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue blocks their electric signals, or the nerves are otherwise damaged. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by a sudden blow but can also happen because of overuse.
Sometimes, injuries are intertwined, such as instability that leads to impingement. If you’re currently suffering from shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Farmington, MO may help determine the underlying cause. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Farmington, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. Most people who experience shoulder pain can experience relief with a personalized treatment plan with certified physical therapists and movement health specialists in Farmington, MO can be a great way to return to the things you love to do the most.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Farmington, MO
Your personalized and proven physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to identify soft tissue restrictions, break down scar tissue, and treat the affected area
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your surgeon, if you need surgery to relieve your shoulder pain
- Kinesio Taping® to provide support for your shoulder and keep you safe as you participate in physical activity or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to offer your shoulder a low-intensity exercise with high-intensity results
- Trigger point dry needling to attack irritated soft tissue deeper in the body to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to make sure you do not contribute to your injuries or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you and your shoulder and stay healthy and active
- Other safe, effective techniques to optimize your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 stipulates that you need a prescription for physical therapy, so it’s necessary to speak to your Farmington, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our experienced physical and occupational therapists are responsible and work closely with your primary care physician to make sure your treatment plan fits into your overall treatment plan.
Farmington, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is imperative to not only living our every day life, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for Farmington, MO residents by developing evidence-backed treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Request an appointment through our website or call our location nearest you.