Shoulder Pain in Eureka, MO. Those who suffer from shoulder pain know how debilitating it can be. It makes everything from pouring a cup of coffee to making a breakaway layup painful and, for certain people, unfeasible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes Physical Therapy in Eureka, MO, our experienced physical therapists create customized treatment modalities, backed by proven research, to get you back to the activities you love most. Allow us to safely and effectively treat your shoulder pain. Make an appointment through our website or find the location nearest you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Eureka, MO
The shoulder is one of the human body’s largest and most intricate joints. In actuality, it is made up of four independent smaller joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into the socket of the glenoid. As the ball is 3-4 times larger than the socket, it allows for more movement than any other joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is formed by the junction of the clavicle the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the scapula. A plane joint, it allows you to outstretch your arm.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint formed by the clavicle the sternum at the bottom of the neck. This joint is where the arm and torso meet, it links the movement of the upper limb with the core of your body.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is more of a “floating” joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the thoracic cage.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup that surround the head of the upper arm bone, which are responsible for movement and keep the head of the humerus firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that encloses the joints in the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which provide passive stability while still allowing for movements in different planes
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that send motor messages from the brain to muscles and sensory information (like pain) from the joints back to the brain
- the arteries that supply nutritious blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly every joint, ligament, tendon, muscle, artery, capsule, and nerve must be able to work together. Blood must be allowed to reach the shoulder maintain healthy soft tissue and repair minor damage. The muscles must have adequate strength and flexibility, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments connecting bones need to be similarly healthy, and the brain and shoulder need to have clear communication with each other. When any of these functions are not being carried out in a healthy way, it can lead to a breakdown of the entire network, and anywhere from nagging to severe shoulder pain or loss of function. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What’s Behind My Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain can be caused by a variety of circumstances, from sports injuries to acute trauma, a work injury from repeated activities to old age. Below are common causes of shoulder pain that our physical and occupations therapists see in Eureka, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that work as a cushion and gliding surface between tissues. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming swollen after repeated activities, often occurs in combination with rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make basic tasks like brushing your teeth incredibly painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis generally occurs because of inflammation or irritation of a tendon. It typically falls into one of two categories:
- Acute: The result of trauma, excessive throwing, or other overhead activities common in some sports and occupations, such as track and field throwing events or lifting and lowering boxes.
- Chronic: The result of degenerative conditions or general weakness as we get weaker.
Symptoms include a dull ache, throbbing, and mild swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by acute injuries, like falling on an outstretched arm, or repetitive movements or old age. The tendon is initially frayed before becoming torn. A partial thickness tear often goes unnoticed. Full-thickness tears, which go all the way through the tendon, often require surgery. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a grinding sensation when performing certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement describes when your acromion (outer edge of your shoulder blade) rubs against the soft tissue in your shoulder. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings because of an injury. Shoulder impingement is most common in people who play sports or are otherwise active.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the ball of the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become damaged, and also can happen suddenly or from wear and tear. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often causes or is the result of injury to the supporting soft tissue of the shoulder. Long-term instability will result in shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While there are many kinds of arthritis, the shoulder most typically suffers from osteoarthritis. It occurs when the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, repeated trauma, and wear and tear. There is no cure for arthritis, but you can find effective pain management methods with Eureka, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and shoulder blade are the bones in the shoulder most susceptible to breaking. They usually happen as the result of falling from a height or forceful collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is usually intense, along with substantial inflammation and bruising.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are impinged on, when scar tissue interferes with signals between the brain and shoulder, or the nerves are otherwise damaged. These injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by a sudden blow but can also occur because of overuse.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as how an untreated rotator cuff tear can lead to arthritis. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our safe, free injury screenings in Eureka, MO may help determine why you’re experiencing the pain. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Eureka, MO may use a physical examination, various imaging techniques, and/or arthroscopy. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a tailored treatment plan with certified physical therapists that specialize in movement health in Eureka, MO can be an effective way to return to optimal movement health.
How Do Eureka, MO Physical Therapists Treat Shoulder Pain?
Your tailored and evidence-backed physical therapy treatment plan may include:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to identify degenerative tissue, smooth out scar tissue, and treat the affected area
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, coordinated together with your physician, if you need surgery to relieve your shoulder pain
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in sports or work while your body heals
- Blood flow restriction training to offer your shoulder a low-intensity exercise with high-intensity results
- Trigger point dry needling to target harder-to-reach damaged soft tissue to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to make sure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or do not heal correctly
- Injury prevention so you do not lose your active lifestyle in the future
- Other safe, effective exercises to optimize your mobility
Missouri Revised Statute §334.506 stipulates that you need a prescription for physical therapy, so you need to reach out to your Eureka, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our licensed physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to ensure your treatment plan fits into your overall treatment plan.
Other services we offer in Eureka, MO include:
- Soft Tissue Mobilization
- Post Surgical Rehabilitation
- Shin Splint Treatment
- Direct Access Physical Therapy
- Gait Analysis
- Pelvic Floor Therapy
- Dry Needling Near Me
- Tendonitis Treatment
- Manual Physical Therapy
- Orthopedic Rehab Near Me
Eureka, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
A healthy shoulder is important to not only carrying out daily tasks with ease, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for our Eureka, MO clients by implementing proven treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and how physically active you need to be. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Schedule an appointment online or find the location most convenient for you.