Shoulder Pain in Ballwin, MO. Those who experience shoulder pain know how debilitating it can be. It makes everything from watering the flowers to diving for a softball painful and, for some of us, impossible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes PT in Ballwin, MO, our licensed physical therapists specialize in tailored treatment plans, based on evidence, to get you back to optimal movement health. Trust in us to turn your shoulder pain from a daily occurrence into a thing of the past. Make an appointment through our website or find the location nearest you.
The Anatomy of the Shoulder | Shoulder Pain in Ballwin, MO
The shoulder is one of the human body’s largest and most complex joints. In truth, it is a complex of four joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk. As the ball is several times larger than the socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is formed by the junction of the clavicle the acromion, the bony tip on the outer edge of the shoulder blade. A plane joint, it allows your shoulder blade to follow the movements of the other shoulder joints.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a gliding joint located where the clavicle meets the breastbone at the foundation of the neck. This joint is where the arm and body meet, it it ensures your arm and body act in tandem.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have does not have union by fibrous, cartilaginous or synovial tissues. It is made up of the scapula and its articulation with the ribcage.
The shoulder is supported and surrounded by:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the upper arm bone, which are responsible for movement and stabilize and protect the GH joint
- the shoulder capsule, a a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and lubricates the shoulder
- the four shoulder ligaments which attach bones together and help reinforce the capsule
- the tendons in the biceps and shoulder which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that allow the brain to tell the shoulder and arm to move and the shoulder to tell the brain when it feels pain or other sensory information
- the arteries that supply much-needed blood to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons
Proper shoulder strength, flexibility, and movement depends on every part of the system being healthy and working together. Sufficient blood must flow to the shoulder efficiently to maintain healthy soft tissue and stimulate the body’s natural recovery processes. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be intact and strong, the ligaments that attach our bones need to help support proper structure, and messages most be able to be sent and received between the brain and shoulder. When any one of the parts of the shoulder is damaged, inflamed, or otherwise irritated, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain or any other symptoms of a shoulder injury, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a no-risk, no-obligation injury screening.
What’s Behind My Shoulder Pain?
As the shoulder is complex, shoulder pain can have many root causes, from sports injuries to acute trauma, a work injury from overuse to our bodies just getting weaker as we get older. The following are common causes of shoulder pain that our physical and occupations therapists see in Ballwin, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that work as a cushion and gliding surface between muscles, bones, tendons, and skin. Bursitis occurs when the bursae because swollen after overuse, often occurs in association with rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make daily activities like getting dressed incredibly painful.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis generally occurs because of inflammation or irritation of a tendon. There are two types of tendinitis:
- Acute: The result of a sudden blow, repeated throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some sports and fields of employment, such as swimming or lifting boxes overhead.
- Chronic: The result of degenerative conditions or general weakness as we age.
The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside the joint.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be acute, such a blow to the shoulder, or more chronic in nature. They begin with fraying and ultimately tear. A partial thickness tear often goes unnoticed. Full-thickness tears, which go all the way through the tendon, do not heal by themselves. Symptoms include pain when performing specific movements, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a grinding sensation when performing certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It is often the result of rotator cuff swellings after an injury. Shoulder impingement is most common in people who are physically active.
- Shoulder Instability — This happens when the head of the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become stretched, torn, or detached, and also can be the result of injury or overuse. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often is accompanied by injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Chronic instability will result in shoulder pain and unsteadiness when performing certain motions.
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, the shoulder most typically suffers from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bones. Common causes include old age, persistent injuries, and overuse. There is no cure for arthritis, but effective pain management is possible with Ballwin, MO physical and occupational therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and shoulder blade are the bones in the shoulder most vulnerable to fracture. They are often the result of falling from a height or high-energy collisions such as a car accident. The shoulder pain is immediate and obvious, along with considerable swelling and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder is the result of when nerves are compressed, when scar tissue blocks their electric signals, or the nerves are torn into two pieces. These injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are commonly caused by a sudden blow but can also happen because of degenerative conditions.
At times, one injury leads to another, for example an impingement causing damage to the nerves. If you’re experiencing shoulder pain, one of our no-risk, free injury screenings in Ballwin, MO may help you discover the root of it. If you’ve sustained a severe injury or have severe shoulder pain, a physician in Ballwin, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy to discover the cause. Most people who experience shoulder pain can find recovery with a tailored treatment plan with professional physical therapists and movement health specialists in Ballwin, MO can be a great way to get you back to a pain-free daily life and the active lifestyle you deserve.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Ballwin, MO
Your tailored and proven physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any soft tissue disorders
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, based on a plan with come up with alongside your doctor, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in sports or go back to work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to improve strength while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target damaged soft tissue deeper in the body to stimulate blood flow
- Posture correction to make sure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or heal improperly
- Injury prevention so you and your shoulder and stay healthy and active
- Other safe, effective techniques to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law requires a prescription for physical therapy, so you need to reach out to your Ballwin, MO primary care physician to see if physical therapy is safe and an effective treatment option for your shoulder pain. Our knowledgeable physical and occupational therapists form a team with your primary care physician to ensure your treatment plan fits into your overall treatment plan.
Ballwin, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
A well-functioning shoulder is important to not only living our every day life, but to doing the things we love. At Axes, we focus on patient results for our Ballwin, MO clients by implementing proven treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and the activities you want to get back to. You do not have to delay in getting back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Schedule an appointment through our website or reach out to the location nearest you.