Shoulder Pain in Byrnes Mill, MO. Those who suffer from shoulder pain know how debilitating it can be. It makes everything from brushing your teeth to playing volleyball painful and, sometimes, impossible. But pain and limited shoulder movement is usually manageable and beatable with safe and effective treatment. At Axes Physical Therapy in Byrnes Mill, MO, our experienced physical therapists specialize in personalized treatment plans, proven to work through research, to get you back to optimal movement health. Allow us to turn your shoulder pain from a daily occurrence into a thing of the past. Request an appointment online or find the location most convenient for you.
How Does the Shoulder Work? | Shoulder Pain in Byrnes Mill, MO
The shoulder is one of the human body’s largest and most complex joints. In actuality, it is a complex of four joints:
- The glenohumeral (GH) joint is the joint where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into a relatively small dish called the glenoid. As the top of the upper arm bone is several times larger than the socket, it has the widest range of motion as any other human joint.
- The acromioclavicular (AC) joint is formed by the junction of the collarbone the acromion, the part of the scapula that is the highest part of the shoulder. A plane style synovial joint, it allows your shoulder blade to follow the movements of the other shoulder joints.
- The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is a plane-style synovial joint located where the clavicle meets the sternum at the foundation of the neck. As the only joint that connects the arm to the torso, it it ensures your arm and body move in tandem.
- The scapulothoracic (ST) “joint” is not a true anatomical joint as it does not have typical joint characteristics. It attaches and allows movement between the shoulder blade and the part of rib cage at the back of our bodies.
In addition to those four joints, the shoulder consists of:
- the four muscles of the rotator cup covering the head of the humerus, which allow for movement movement and keep the ball of the humerus slipping out of the socket
- the shoulder capsule, a soft tissue sac that encloses the shoulder
- the ligaments of the shoulder which help connect bone to bone and help reinforce the capsule
- the biceps tendon and rotator cuff tendons which allow muscles to power the bones
- the brachial plexus nerves that send motor messages from the brain to muscles and sensory information (like pain) from the joints back to the brain
- the blood vessels that supply nutrient-rich blood to the shoulder
In order for the shoulder to function properly the entire complex system must function well. Sufficient blood must flow to the shoulder efficiently to keep oxygen levels and muscles strong and repair minor damage. The muscles strong enough to move and flexible enough to safely make those movements, the tendons attaching bone and muscle must be strong, flexible, and free of rips or tears, the ligaments connecting bones need to be similarly healthy, and messages most be able to be sent and received between the brain and shoulder. When any of these parts are not at optimal health, it often causes shoulder pain and movement problems. If if shoulder pain or poor shoulder movement is part of your daily life, reach out to Axes’ physical therapists for a free injury screening.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain can be caused by numerous different circumstances, from sports injuries to a car accident, a work injury from repeated activities to old age. The following are common causes of shoulder pain that our physical and occupations therapists see in Byrnes Mill, MO:
- Bursitis — The bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that work as a cushion and gliding surface between muscles, bones, tendons, and skin. Bursitis the result of the bursae becoming inflamed after repeated activities, often occurs in association with rotator cuff tendinitis, and can make daily tasks like laying down to go to sleep incredibly difficult.
- Tendinitis — Tendinitis generally occurs because of a tendon becoming irritated. There are two types of tendinitis:
- Acute: This can happen because of trauma, repeated throwing, or other overhead activities needed in some competitive and activities and occupations, such as swimming or lifting and lowering objects.
- Chronic: The result of wear and tear or general weakness as we get weaker.
Symptoms include a dull ache, throbbing, and mild swelling.
- Rotator Cuff Tear — These can also be caused by sudden trauma, like a blow to the shoulder, or repetitive movements or old age. They begin with fraying and ultimately tear. People often live with partial tears unaware. Full-thickness tears, which pull the tendon off the bone, do not heal by themselves. Symptoms include having difficulty raising your arm or lifting things you normally can, pain when lying on the side of the affected shoulder, and a clicking feeling when performing certain movements.
- Shoulder Impingement — Impingement is the result of soft tissue rubbing against your shoulder blade. It often occurs in combination with an injury that causes inflammation in the rotator cuff. Shoulder impingement occurs the most in people who are physically active.
- Shoulder Instability — This occurs when the humerus is allowed to move out of the socket when the capsule or ligaments become stretched, torn, or detached, and also can happen suddenly or from wear and tear. A dislocation can be partial, coming in and out of the socket, or complete when the bone completely comes out of the socket. It often happens in combination with injury to the surrounding areas of the shoulder. Long-term instability will cause shoulder pain and a sense of the shoulder “giving way.”
- Arthritis — While arthritis refers to a range of diagnoses, osteoarthritis is the condition that typically affects the shoulder. It is the result of the cartilage cushioning the ends of your bones breaks down. It can be the result of tissue weakening as we become older, repeated injuries, and overuse. There is no cure for arthritis, but effective pain management can be found with Byrnes Mill, MO physical therapists.
- Shoulder Fractures — The humerus, collarbone, and scapula are the bones in the shoulder most vulnerable to fracture. They are often the result of falling a significant distance or onto a hard surface or forceful collisions such as being tackles in a football game. The shoulder pain is usually intense, along with considerable swelling and contusions.
- Axillary Nerve Injuries or Brachial Plexus Injuries — Nerve damage in the shoulder can occur when nerves are stretched, when scar tissue interferes with their electric signals, or the nerves burst. Axillary nerve and brachial plexus injuries can cause shoulder pain along with a range of other sensations. They are usually the result of a sudden blow but can also happen because of overuse.
Sometimes, injuries are connected, such as a dislocation causing damage to the nerves. If you’re currently suffering from shoulder pain, one of our no-obligation, free injury screenings in Byrnes Mill, MO may help determine the underlying cause. To diagnose shoulder pain a physician in Byrnes Mill, MO may use a physical examination, an X-Ray, an MRI, a CT scan, arthrogram, and/or arthroscopy. For most injuries or conditions that cause shoulder pain, a customized treatment plan with licensed physical therapists and movement health specialists in Byrnes Mill, MO can be a great way to get you back to a pain-free daily life and the active lifestyle you deserve.
Treating Your Shoulder Pain in Byrnes Mill, MO
Your tailored and evidence-backed physical therapy may include any one or a variety of different treatment plans:
- Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization to detect and treat any soft tissue disorders
- Pre- and post-surgical rehabilitation, coordinated together with your physician, if your shoulder pain was caused by an injury that needed surgery to correct
- Kinesio Taping® to reduce pain and inflammation and allow you to participate in sports or go back to work while you are still recovering
- Blood flow restriction training to strengthen muscles while reducing overall stress on the shoulder
- Trigger point dry needling to target irritated muscles, ligaments, and tendons deeper in the body to encourage the body’s natural healing processes
- Posture correction to ensure you are not inadvertently causing your shoulder pain or heal improperly
- Injury prevention so you and your shoulder and stay healthy and active
- Other safe, effective treatment methods to increase and maintain your mobility
Missouri Law dictates that you need a prescription to attend physical therapy appointments, so you need to reach out to your Byrnes Mill, MO physician to see if physical therapy is rights for your shoulder pain. Our knowledgeable physical and occupational therapists work alongside your primary care physician to ensure your treatment plan is safe for your condition.
Byrnes Mill, MO Shoulder Pain | Axes Physical Therapy
Optimal movement health is essential to not only carrying out daily tasks with ease, but to keeping up the active lifestyles we desire. At Axes, we focus on positive outcomes for our Byrnes Mill, MO clients by developing evidence-backed treatment plans based on your injury, pain level, age, and how physically active you need to be. Do not wait to get back to the activities you love and a pain-free life. Make an appointment online or reach out to the location nearest you.