Knee injuries Byrnes Mill, MO. The knee is a versatile joint that permits our bodies to execute a vast range of motions such as sitting, standing, lifting, walking, running, jumping and more. Suffering a knee injury makes walking and a lot of other basic activities painful or even impossible. If you’ve recently suffered a knee injury or suffer from chronic knee pain, it is vital to find quality physical therapy with licensed physical therapists in the Byrnes Mill, MO area. At Axes Physical Therapy, we offer safe and effective care to hundreds of Byrnes Mill, MO residents. Contact us today to find out more or schedule your first appointment.
Axes Physical Therapy provides personalized, evidence-based evaluation and therapy for people with knee injuries in Byrnes Mill, MO. Our knee injury experts specialize in personalized treatment plans created specifically for your injury, needs and movement goals. As a network of physical therapy facilities locally owned and operated by Byrnes Mill, MO physical therapists, Axes Physical Therapy is committed to serving the individual needs of each Byrnes Mill, MO patient we see.
The Human Knee
The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints we have. It connects the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone). The fibula (the small bone that runs adjacent to the tibia) and patella (kneecap) are the other bones that constitute the knee joint. Around the knee the knee are leg muscles, which are responsible for the knee’s movements, and tendons and ligaments that attach the knee bones to the leg muscles or ligaments which help stabilize the knee. These ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which provide stability to the front and back of the knee, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL), which stabilize side-to-side movement. The medial and lateral menisci are shock absorbers between the tibia and femur.
Due to the complexity of the joint and the stresses placed on the knee, with elements that can be torn, fractured, sprained, or dislocated, knee injuries are one of the most typical musculoskeletal injuries that one can sustain. If you’ve suffered a knee injury or are experiencing chronic knee pain, you need the attention and careful treatment of Byrnes Mill, MO area physical therapists. Our team of professional therapists who specialize in treating knee injuries will lead you in your recuperation and help you regain full mobility of your injured knee.
Types of Knee Injuries and Common Causes
Knee sprains are knee injuries that can cause a lot of pain, and they occur when ligaments in the knee are torn or overstretched. Knee sprains are painful, and if left unattended or cared for improperly can cause continued problems, including arthritis. Knee sprains are typically caused by acute twisting injuries, or occur when an outside force stretches or tears a ligament. It is usually a sports related injury that comes from force, such as a blow to the front or outside of the knee. Additionally, non contact knee sprains are very common and are caused by weakness, muscle fatigue or incorrect mechanics. Symptoms include:
- Weakness or tenderness
- Pain and stiffness
- Muscle Spasms
Torn cartilage can often occur in tandem with sprains, and occur when damage to the knee tears the menisci. It’s most frequently caused by forcefully twisting or rotating your knee and is often sustained in contact sports such as football, as well as sports like soccer or baseball with repeated leaping and rotating/pivoting. In older adults, a cartilage tear in the knee can take place with little or no trauma as the knee cartilage loses flexibility and pliability with age. Symptoms include:
- Soreness when working out or exercising
- Buckling or locking of the knee joint
- Crunching or popping noises when walking
- Difficulty bearing weight
- Inability to flex or extend the knee
Patellar Tendonitis, also called “jumper’s knee,” is caused by inflammation of the tendons in the knee, specifically the quadriceps tendon. Anterior knee pain is usually the main symptom of this variety of knee injury, and at first it might only occur when training or exercising. It commonly stems from overuse. Over time, the pain worsens and starts to make exercising or playing sports more difficult. If untreated, after a while you could find it difficult to climb stairs or even get up from from a chair. That’s why it’s vital to receive physical therapy for knee injuries.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a knee injury that worsens with time and causes pain felt in the front of the knee. The pain is a result of tracking and alignment issues between the patella and femur and is commonly felt when climbing stairs or rising from a chair. The exact cause is not understood yet; however, most physicians and physical and occupational therapists suspect these knee injuries occur when the knee is overused, or there is weakness of the quadriceps muscle and inflexibility of other hip and knee musculature.
Fractures are an extremely painful type of knee injuries and need urgent medical treatment. More complex fractures can necesitate surgery to repair the knee and allow it to function normally again. There are three common knee injuries related to fractures:
- Patellar: a fracture of the kneecap that often takes place when you land exactly on your knee, hit the dashboard in a auto crash or suffer another kind of heavy blow to the knee. Symptoms include:
- Pain, inflammation, and bruising
- Inability to straighten the knee or keep it keep it
- Inability to walk
- Distal Femur: happens where the thigh bone and knee connect. The bone may shatter or may break straight across. Distal femoral knee injuries frequently also injure the cartilage in the knee, which makes them difficult to treat. They typically occur in the elderly whose bones have become weaker, or to people in high energy impact collisions. Symptoms include:
- Pain when placing weight on the knee
- Inflammation, bruising, and aching
- The leg may look shorter and bent
- Proximal Tibia: frequently damage the soft tissue of the knee as well. The top of the tibia, where it connects to the knee, is softer than the rest of the bone. These knee injuries often happen when the femur is forced by trauma into the soft bone at the top of the tibia. Proximal tibia knee injuries are occasionally minor breaks that occur from excessive activity, but most are the result of trauma from falling, sports injuries or motor vehicle crashes. Symptoms include:
- inflammation surrounding the knee
- Visually clear deformity or misalignment
- Numb, pale, or cold feet, as the flow of blood to the foot could be restricted
Dislocation of the knee or kneecap can either take place when the femur and tibia are forced out of alignment, or when the patella is forced out of place. These are frequently caused by extreme force from sports, car accidents or falls. People with a somewhat unusual structure of the knee are at a heightened risk of patellar dislocation knee injuries. While a Byrnes Mill, MO doctor can put the knee or kneecap back in place, treatment by a physical therapist will be an essential aspect of the recuperation process to reduce swelling, gradually increase motion and increase strength in the hip and leg musculature.
ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL Injuries can be either tears or sprains. ACL injuries can often happen in high-action sports where players are landing after jumping or switching direction rapidly. The PCL can frequently be torn when there is trauma to the front of the knee as it is bent. Symptoms of these knee injuries include swelling and knee instability. While ACL tears are often accompanied by injury to other parts of the knee, ACL tears alone are not always painful. MCL and LCL tears occur when there is a hit that pushes the knee sideways.
Diagnoses and Tests
It is important to receive appropriate urgent and long-term care after suffering a knee injury. The treatment you receive can account for either quick and effective recovery or a lifetime of chronic, debilitating pain. In regards to knee injuries involving clear and serious trauma, such as a dislocated patella, tests may not be needed and a Byrnes Mill, MO ER doctor will endeavor to stabilize the knee as quickly as possible. Other methods of diagnosis for knee injuries are:
- A physical examination. A Byrnes Mill, MO medical professional can analyze the appearance and movement of your knee while checking for inflammation or tenderness. Our physical therapists are specialists in human movement and carry out free, no obligation injury evaluations for your knee injuries and other injuries.
- X-Rays can detect broken bones and degenerative joint disease.
- CT scans combine X-rays from various angles to build cross-sectional images of your knee. They can help reveal knee injuries such as subtle fractures.
- Ultrasounds use sound waves to produce images of the soft tissue in your knee. Your doctor may rotate and extend your knee at different angles to look for specific issues.
- MRIs create 3D pictures of the inside of your knee. This test is often utilized to detect soft tissue injuries, such as ACL tears or patellar tendonitis.
If you are experiencing pain caused by a knee injury, contact Axes Physical Therapy to work with a Byrnes Mill, MO physical therapist who is an expert in knee injuries. Your knee injury therapist will evaluate your movement, your mobility, and will also check the strength of your knee and its stability. After diagnosis, your Axes physical therapist in Byrnes Mill, MO County will recommend a individually tailored treatment plan, which may include an appointment with a Byrnes Mill, MO orthopedic or sports physician.
Treatments and Therapy
Slight knee injuries can often heal with the RICE Method: rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation. If you feel pain, it’s important to rest and to temporarily stop any activity you think may have led to your injury. Get medical attention if you hear a popping noise or feel loss of stability at the time of your injury, if you experience severe pain or swelling, cannot move the knee, or are unable to bear weight without pain. With some grave knee injuries, such as ACL tears or broken bones, surgery is needed to correct the structure of the knee and return functionality. Physical therapy will then be part of your preoperative and postoperative treatment plan. A Byrnes Mill, MO physical therapist who treats knee injuries will put you on the path to safely restore motion and strength to your knee as you recover. Common therapies for knee injuries include (depending on your injury):
- Stretches and strengthening exercises of the entire lower extremity
- Core strengthening
- Ice and heat
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Electrical stimulation
- Proprioceptive exercises
- Functional return to sports, activity, and exercises
At Axes Physical Therapy, our treatment plans are founded on proven treatment strategies and are tailored specifically for each patient. We guide you in your recovery to safely return you to the activities you love.
We treat a wide variety of conditions and complaints and have a team of specialists ready to help you. Some of our other services are:
Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Injuries
If you are suffering from knee pain or have recently suffered a knee injury, you require the specialized advice of Byrnes Mill, MO physical therapists to eliminate your pain and return you to full motion. Axes Physical Therapy will help you get back to the sports and activities you love with the dedicated, individualized care of your Axes physical therapist. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or discover the knee injury treatment location nearest you.