Knee injuries Valley Park, MO. The knee is a versatile joint that lets our bodies perform a vast range of motions such as sitting, standing, lifting, walking, running, jumping and more. Sustaining a knee injury makes walking and many other daily activities painful or even impossible. If you’ve recently sustained a knee injury or are affected by chronic knee pain, it is essential to find quality physical therapy with licensed physical therapists in the Valley Park, MO area. At Axes Physical Therapy, we give safe and effective care to hundreds of patients in the Valley Park, MO area. Contact us today to find out more or schedule your first appointment.
Axes Physical Therapy provides bespoke, evidence-based evaluation and treatment for those with knee injuries in Valley Park, MO. Our knee injury experts specialize in customized treatment plans made specifically for your injury, needs and movement goals. As a network of physical therapy facilities locally owned and operated by Valley Park, MO physical therapists, Axes Physical Therapy is devoted to serving the individual needs of each Valley Park, MO patient we see.
The Human Knee
The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints in the body. It attaches the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone). The fibula (the small bone that runs adjacent to the tibia) and patella (kneecap) are the other bones that comprise the knee joint. Encircling the knee are leg muscles, which are responsible for the knee’s movements, and tendons and ligaments that join the knee bones to the leg muscles or ligaments which help stabilize the knee. These ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which offer stability in front of and behind the knee, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL), which stabilize side-to-side movement. The medial and lateral menisci are shock absorbers between the tibia and femur.
Due to the intricacy of the joint and the strain placed on the knee, with structures that can be torn, fractured, sprained, or dislocated, knee injuries are one of the most typical musculoskeletal injuries that are suffered. If you’ve sustained a knee injury or are experiencing chronic knee pain, you need the attention and careful treatment of Valley Park, MO area physical therapists. Our team of professional therapists who specialize in treating knee injuries will lead you in your recuperation and help you regain full mobility of your injured knee.
Types of Knee Injuries and Common Causes
Knee sprains can be painful knee injuries that happen when ligaments in the knee are torn or overstretched. Knee sprains are painful, and if untreated or treated incorrectly can result in continued issues, including arthritis. Knee sprains are commonly caused by acute twisting injuries, or occur when an external force stretches or tears a ligament. It is usually a sports related injury that comes from force, such as a knock to the front or outside of the knee. Furthermore, non contact knee sprains are very typical and occur because of weakness, muscle fatigue or poor mechanics. Symptoms include:
- Weakness or tenderness
- Pain and stiffness
- Muscle Spasms
Torn cartilage can often occur take place at the same time as sprains, and occur when damage to the knee tears the menisci. It’s most often the result of forcefully twisting or rotating your knee and is often seen in contact sports such as football, as well as sports like soccer or baseball with continued leaping and rotating/pivoting. In older adults, a cartilage tear in the knee can occur with little or no trauma as the knee cartilage loses flexibility and pliability with age. Symptoms include:
- Soreness when training or exercising
- Buckling or locking of the knee joint
- Crunching or popping noises when walking
- Difficulty bearing weight
- Inability to bend or straighten the knee
Patellar Tendonitis, also known as “jumper’s knee,” is caused by swelling of the tendons in the knee, specifically the quadriceps tendon. Anterior knee pain is commonly the main symptom of this kind of knee injury, and initially it might only occur when training or exercising. It is also often an overuse injury. Over time, the pain becomes worse and starts to make exercising or playing sports more difficult. If untreated, eventually you could have difficulty climbing stairs or even rising from a chair. That’s why it’s important to seek out physical therapy for knee injuries.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a knee injury marked by pain that is generally felt in the front of the knee and worsens as time goes on. The pain is a result of tracking and alignment issues between the patella and femur and is commonly felt when climbing stairs or getting up from a chair. The exact cause is still unknown; however, most physicians and physical and occupational therapists suspect these knee injuries happen because of general overuse and weakness of the quadriceps muscle and inflexibility of other hip and knee musculature.
Fractures are a tremendously painful category of knee injuries and necesitate emergency medical treatment. More destructive fractures can need surgery to repair the knee and allow it to function normally again. There are three common knee injuries associated with fractures:
- Patellar: a fracture of the kneecap that frequently occurs when you fall directly on your knee, hit the dashboard in a auto crash or suffer another type of extreme external force to the knee. Symptoms include:
- Pain, inflammation, and bruising
- Inability to extend the knee or keep it keep it
- Inability to walk
- Distal Femur: happens where the thigh bone and knee meet. The bone might shatter or can break straight across. Distal femoral knee injuries often also damage the cartilage in the knee, which makes them difficult to treat. They typically occur in the elderly as their bones weaken, or to people in high energy impact collisions. Symptoms include:
- Pain when putting weight on the knee
- Inflammation, bruising, and soreness
- The leg may look shorter and crooked
- Proximal Tibia: often damage the soft tissue of the knee as well. The top of the tibia, where it connects to the knee, is not as hard as the rest of the bone. These knee injuries often occur when the femur is forced by trauma into the soft bone at the top of the tibia. Proximal tibia knee injuries are occasionally minor breaks that occur from too much activity, but most are the result of trauma from falling, sports injuries or motor vehicle crashes. Symptoms include:
- Swelling around the knee
- Visually apparent deformity or misalignment
- Numb, pale, or cold feet, as the flow of blood to the foot could be restricted
Dislocation of the knee or kneecap can either occur when the femur and tibia are pushed out of alignment, or when the patella is forced out of place. These are frequently caused by extreme force from sports, car accidents or falls. People with a somewhat abnormal structure of the knee are at a greater risk of patellar dislocation knee injuries. While a Valley Park, MO doctor can correct the dislocation, treatment by a physical therapist will be a vital facet of the recuperation process to reduce swelling, gradually improve motion and improve strength in the hip and leg musculature.
ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL Injuries can be either tears or sprains. ACL injuries can often happen in high-action sports where players are landing after jumping or changing direction quickly. The PCL can often be torn when force is applied to the front of the knee as it is bent. Symptoms of these knee injuries include swelling and lack of stability. While ACL tears are frequently accompanied by damage to other parts of the knee, by themselves they are not always painful. MCL and LCL tears occur when there is a hit that pushes the knee sideways.
Diagnoses and Tests
It is vital to receive the proper immediate and long-term treatment after experiencing a knee injury. The care you receive can account for either quick and effective recovery or a lifetime of chronic, debilitating pain. In regards to knee injuries involving apparent and severe trauma, such as a dislocated patella, tests may not be needed and a Valley Park, MO ER doctor will endeavor to stabilize the knee as quickly as possible. Other means of diagnosis for knee injuries are:
- A physical examination. A Valley Park, MO medical professional can evaluate the appearance and movement of your knee while checking for swelling or tenderness. Our physical therapists are professionals in human movement and offer free, no obligation injury screenings for your knee injuries and other injuries.
- X-Rays can show bone fractures and degenerative joint disease.
- CT scans combine X-rays from various angles to make cross-sectional images of your knee. They can help detect knee injuries such as subtle fractures.
- Ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of the soft tissue in your knee. Your doctor may move your knee into different positions to look for specific issues.
- MRIs create 3D pictures of the inside of your knee. This test is often utilized to detect soft tissue injuries, such as ACL tears or patellar tendonitis.
If you are experiencing pain caused by a knee injury, contact Axes Physical Therapy to work with a Valley Park, MO physical therapist who is an expert in knee injuries. Your knee injury therapist will analyze your motion, your mobility, and will also check the strength of your knee and its stability. After diagnosis, your Axes physical therapist in Valley Park, MO County will recommend a personalized treatment plan, which could include an appointment with a Valley Park, MO orthopedic or sports physician.
Treatments and Therapy
Slight knee injuries can often heal with the RICE Method: rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation. If you are experiencing pain, you need to rest and to momentarily cease any activity you think may have caused your injury. Seek medical attention if you hear a popping noise or feel loss of stability at the time of your injury, if you experience severe pain or swelling, are unable to move the knee, or are unable to bear weight without pain. With some grave knee injuries, such as ACL tears or bone fractures, surgery is needed to correct the structure of the knee and return functionality. Physical therapy will then be part of your preoperative and postoperative treatment plan. A Valley Park, MO physical therapist who specializes knee injuries will help you safely restore movement and strength to your knee as your injury heals. Typical therapies for knee injuries include (depending on your injury):
- Stretches and strengthening exercises of the entire lower extremity
- Core strengthening
- Ice and heat
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Electrical stimulation
- Proprioceptive exercises
- Functional return to sports, activity, and exercises
At Axes Physical Therapy, our treatment plans are grounded in proven treatment strategies and are tailored specifically for each patient. We guide you in your rehabilitation to safely get you back to the activities you love.
We treat a wide variety of conditions and complaints and have a team of specialists ready to help you. Some of our other services are:
Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Injuries
If you are suffering from knee pain or have recently experienced a knee injury, you require the professional advice of Valley Park, MO physical therapists to eliminate your pain and return you to full motion. Axes Physical Therapy will help you get back to the sports and activities you love with the devoted, individualized care of your Axes physical therapist. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or find out the knee injury treatment location nearest you.