Knee injuries Marthasville, MO. The knee is a multifaceted joint that allows our bodies to perform a wide scope of movements like sitting, standing, lifting, walking, running, jumping and more. Suffering a knee injury makes walking and many other daily tasks painful or even impossible. If you’ve recently experienced a knee injury or suffer from chronic knee pain, it is vital to find top-notch physical therapy with licensed physical therapists in the Marthasville, MO area. At Axes Physical Therapy, we provide safe and effective therapy to hundreds of patients in the Marthasville, MO area. Contact us today to find out more or schedule your first appointment.
Axes Physical Therapy provides personalized, evidence-based evaluation and treatment for people with knee injuries in Marthasville, MO. Our knee injury experts specialize in personalized treatment plans made specifically for your condition, needs and movement goals. As a network of physical therapy facilities locally owned and operated by Marthasville, MO physical therapists, Axes Physical Therapy is committed to serving the specific needs of each Marthasville, MO patient we see.
The Human Knee
The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints we have. It joins the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone). The fibula (the small bone that runs on the side of the tibia) and patella (kneecap) are the other bones that comprise the knee joint. Around the knee the knee are leg muscles, which help move the knee, and tendons and ligaments that attach the knee bones to the leg muscles or ligaments which provide support and stability. These ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which provide stability in front of and behind the knee, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL), which stabilize sideways movement. The medial and lateral menisci are shock absorbers between the tibia and femur.
Because of the complexity of the joint and the strain placed on the knee, with bones, tendons, and ligaments that can be torn, fractured, sprained, or dislocated, knee injuries are one of the most commonly seen musculoskeletal injuries that are suffered. If you’ve suffered a knee injury or are living with chronic knee pain, you need the care and careful treatment of Marthasville, MO area physical therapists. Our team of certified therapists who specialize in treating knee injuries will lead you in your rehabilitation and help you regain complete mobility of your injured knee.
Types of Knee Injuries and Common Causes
Knee sprains can be painful knee injuries that occur when ligaments in the knee are torn or overstretched. Knee sprains are painful, and if left unattended or cared for improperly can result in chronic issues, including arthritis. Knee sprains are usually the result of acute twisting injuries, or injuries the result of outside forces that stretch or tear a ligament. It is usually a sports related injury that comes from force, such as a blow to the front or outside of the knee. Furthermore, non contact knee sprains are very typical and result from weakness, muscle fatigue or poor mechanics. Symptoms include:
- Weakness or tenderness
- Pain and stiffness
- Muscle Spasms
Torn cartilage can often take place in tandem with sprains, and happen when damage to the knee tears the menisci. It’s most often caused by forcefully twisting or rotating your knee and is often seen in contact sports such as football, as well as sports like soccer or baseball with continued jumping and rotating/pivoting. In older adults, a cartilage tear in the knee can occur with little or no trauma as the knee cartilage loses flexibility and pliability with age. Symptoms include:
- Dull pain when training or exercising
- Buckling or locking of the knee joint
- Crunching or popping noises when walking
- Difficulty bearing weight
- Inability to flex or straighten the knee
Patellar Tendonitis, also referred to as “jumper’s knee,” is a result of swelling of the tendons in the knee, specifically the quadriceps tendon. Anterior knee pain is almost always the main symptom of this category of knee injury, and at first it may only occur when training or exercising. It often stems from overuse. Over time, the pain worsens and starts to make exercising or playing sports more difficult. If untreated, eventually you could find it difficult to climb stairs or even rise from a chair. That’s why it’s important to receive physical therapy for knee injuries.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a knee injury that worsens with time and causes pain felt in the front of the knee. The pain is a result of tracking and alignment problems between the patella and femur and is often felt when climbing stairs or getting up from a chair. The exact cause is not understood yet; however, most physicians and physical and occupational therapists think these knee injuries happen when the knee is overused, or there is weakness of the quadriceps muscle and inflexibility of other hip and knee musculature.
Fractures are a tremendously painful variety of knee injuries and necesitate urgent medical care. More destructive fractures can need surgery to repair the knee and return functionality. There are three common knee injuries related to fractures:
- Patellar: a fracture of the kneecap that frequently happens when you land exactly on your knee, hit the dashboard in a car crash or experience another kind of heavy blow to the knee. Symptoms include:
- Pain, inflammation, and bruising
- Inability to extend the knee or keep it keep it
- Inability to walk
- Distal Femur: takes place where the thigh bone and knee touch. The bone may shatter or may suffer a clean break. Because distal femoral knee injuries can injure the cartilage in the knee, they can sometimes be more difficult to treat. They typically occur in the elderly whose bones have become weaker, or to people in high energy impact collisions. Symptoms include:
- Pain when placing weight on the knee
- Inflammation, bruising, and soreness
- The leg may look shorter and contorted
- Proximal Tibia: frequently harm the soft tissue of the knee as well. The top of the tibia, where it connects to the knee, is not as hard as the rest of the bone. These knee injuries often take place when the femur is forced by trauma into the soft bone at the top of the tibia. Proximal tibia knee injuries are occasionally minor breaks that occur from excessive activity, but most happen because of falling, sports injuries or car crashes. Symptoms include:
- Swelling surrounding the knee
- Visually clear deformity or misalignment
- Lack of feeling or warmth in the foot, as the flow of blood to the foot could be affected
Dislocation of the knee or kneecap can either occur when the femur and tibia are pushed out of alignment, or when the patella is pushed out of place. These are most often caused by extreme force from sports, car accidents or falls. People with a somewhat atypical structure of the knee are at a higher risk of patellar dislocation knee injuries. While a Marthasville, MO doctor can put the knee or kneecap back in place, treatment by a physical therapist will be an important aspect of the recuperation process to reduce swelling, slowly increase movement and improve strength in the hip and leg musculature.
ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL Injuries can be both tears or sprains. ACL injuries can often happen in high-action sports where players are landing after jumping or switching direction rapidly. The PCL can often be torn when there is trauma to the front of the knee as it is bent. Symptoms of these knee injuries include swelling and lack of stability. While ACL tears are frequently accompanied by damage to other parts of the knee, ACL tears alone are often not painful. MCL and LCL tears occur when there is blunt force that pushes the knee sideways.
Diagnoses and Tests
It is important to receive the correct immediate and long-term care after experiencing a knee injury. The care you receive can be the difference between a swift and strong recovery or a lifetime of chronic, debilitating pain. In the event of knee injuries that cause noticeable and severe trauma, such as a dislocated patella, tests may not be necessary and a Marthasville, MO ER doctor will work to stabilize the knee as quickly as possible. Other means of diagnosis for knee injuries are:
- A physical examination. A Marthasville, MO medical professional can analyze the appearance and mobility of your knee while checking for swelling or tenderness. Our physical therapists are specialists in human movement and carry out free, no obligation injury screenings for your knee injuries and other injuries.
- X-Rays can show bone fractures and degenerative joint disease.
- CT scans combine X-rays from different angles to produce cross-sectional images of your knee. They can help reveal knee injuries such as subtle fractures.
- Ultrasounds use sound waves to make images of the soft tissue in your knee. Your doctor may move your knee into different positions to look for specific issues.
- MRIs create 3D pictures of the inside of your knee. This test is frequently utilized to reveal soft tissue injuries, such as ACL tears or patellar tendonitis.
If you are experiencing pain caused by a knee injury, contact Axes Physical Therapy to work with a Marthasville, MO physical therapist who specializes in knee injuries. Your knee injury therapist will analyze your movement, your mobility, and will also study how strong and stable your knee is. After diagnosis, your Axes physical therapist in Marthasville, MO County will recommend a individually tailored treatment plan, which may include follow-up with a Marthasville, MO orthopedic or sports physician.
Treatments and Therapy
Small knee injuries can be treated using the RICE Method: rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation. If you feel pain, it’s important to rest and to momentarily cease any activity you think may have resulted in your injury. Seek medical attention if you hear a popping noise or feel loss of stability when your injury first occurs, if you experience severe pain or swelling, are unable to move the knee, or cannot bear weight without pain. With some grave knee injuries, such as ACL tears or bone fractures, surgery is needed to correct the structure of the knee and return functionality. Physical therapy will then be part of your preoperative and postoperative treatment plan. A Marthasville, MO physical therapist who specializes knee injuries will help you safely restore motion and strength in your knee as your injury heals. Typical therapies for knee injuries are (depending on your injury):
- Stretches and strengthening exercises of the entire leg and hip
- Core strengthening
- Ice and heat
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Electrical stimulation
- Proprioceptive exercises
- Functional return to sports, activity, and exercises
At Axes Physical Therapy, our treatment plans are based on proven treatment strategies and are tailored specifically for each patient. We lead you in your rehabilitation to safely return you to the activities you love.
We treat a wide variety of conditions and complaints and have a team of specialists ready to help you. Some of our other services are:
- Sports Injury
- Work Injury Rehabilitation
- Physical Therapist Near Me
- Neck Pain
- Occupational Therapy
- Low Back Pain
- Free Injury Screening
Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Injuries
If you are living with knee pain or have recently experienced a knee injury, you need the professional advice of Marthasville, MO physical therapists to eliminate your pain and return you to full motion. Axes Physical Therapy will help you get back to the sports and activities you love with the dedicated, customized care of your Axes physical therapist. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or find out the knee injury treatment location nearest you.