Knee injuries Mapaville, MO. The knee is a versatile joint that permits our bodies to carry out a vast array of functional activities like sitting, standing, lifting, walking, running, jumping and more. Experiencing a knee injury makes walking and a lot of other basic tasks painful or even impossible. If you’ve recently had a knee injury or are impacted by chronic knee pain, it is essential to find quality physical therapy with licensed physical therapists in the Mapaville, MO area. At Axes Physical Therapy, we provide safe and effective therapy to hundreds of patients in the Mapaville, MO area. Contact us today to find out more or schedule your first appointment.
Axes Physical Therapy provides customized, evidence-based evaluation and treatment for those with knee injuries in Mapaville, MO. Our knee injury experts specialize in customized treatment plans implemented specifically for your condition, needs and movement goals. As a network of physical therapy facilities locally owned and operated by Mapaville, MO physical therapists, Axes Physical Therapy is committed to serving the individual needs of each Mapaville, MO patient we see.
The Human Knee
The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints we have. It attaches the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone). The fibula (the small bone that runs next to the tibia) and patella (kneecap) are the other bones that form the knee joint. Around the knee the knee are leg muscles, which help move the knee, and tendons and ligaments that connect the knee bones to the leg muscles or ligaments which give support and stability. These ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which give stability to the front and back of the knee, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL), which stabilize sideways movement. The medial and lateral menisci act as shock absorbers between the tibia and femur.
Due to the intricacy of the joint and the stresses placed on the knee, with bones, tendons, and ligaments that can be torn, fractured, sprained, or dislocated, knee injuries are one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries that are suffered. If you’ve experienced a knee injury or are living with chronic knee pain, you need the attention and careful treatment of Mapaville, MO area physical therapists. Our team of expert therapists who are highly knowledgeable when treating knee injuries will lead you in your recuperation and help you regain full mobility of your injured knee.
Types of Knee Injuries and Common Causes
Knee sprains can be painful knee injuries that happen when ligaments in the knee are torn or overstretched. Knee sprains are painful, and if left unattended or cared for improperly can result in chronic issues, including arthritis. Knee sprains are often caused by acute twisting injuries, or injuries the result of external forces that stretch or tear a ligament. It is usually a sports related injury that comes from force, such as a hit to the front or outside of the knee. Furthermore, non contact knee sprains are very common and occur because of weakness, muscle fatigue or incorrect mechanics. Symptoms include:
- Weakness or tenderness
- Pain and stiffness
- Muscle Spasms
Torn cartilage can frequently happen in tandem with sprains, and happen when trauma to the knee tears the menisci. It’s most frequently caused by forcefully twisting or rotating your knee and is often sustained in contact sports such as football, as well as sports like soccer or baseball with continued jumping and rotating/pivoting. In older adults, a cartilage tear in the knee can occur with little or no trauma as the knee cartilage loses flexibility and pliability with age. Symptoms include:
- Soreness when working out or exercising
- Buckling or locking of the knee joint
- Crunching or popping noises when walking
- Difficulty bearing weight
- Inability to bend or extend the knee
Patellar Tendonitis, also referred to as “jumper’s knee,” is caused by swelling of the tendons in the knee, specifically the quadriceps tendon. Anterior knee pain is usually the main symptom of this variety of knee injury, and at first it may only occur when training or exercising. It commonly stems from overuse. Over time, the pain becomes worse and starts to make exercising or playing sports more difficult. If unattended, after a while you could find it difficult to climb stairs or even get up from from a chair. For that reason, it’s vital to receive physical therapy for knee injuries.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a knee injury marked by pain that is generally felt in the front of the knee and worsens as time goes on. The pain is a result of tracking and alignment issues between the patella and femur and is typically experienced climbing stairs or rising from a chair. The exact cause is still unknown; however, most doctors and physical and occupational therapists suspect these knee injuries occur because of general overuse and weakness of the quadriceps muscle and inflexibility of other hip and knee musculature.
Fractures are an extremely painful type of knee injuries and necesitate emergency medical care. More complex fractures can require surgery to repair the knee and return functionality. There are three common knee injuries associated with fractures:
- Patellar: a fracture of the kneecap that often occurs when you land exactly on your knee, hit the dashboard in a auto crash or sustain another type of extreme external force to the knee. Symptoms include:
- Pain, swelling, and bruising
- Inability to extend the knee or keep it keep it
- Inability to walk
- Distal Femur: occurs where the thigh bone and knee meet. The bone may shatter or may break straight across. Because distal femoral knee injuries can injure the cartilage in the knee, they can sometimes be more difficult to treat. They most often occur in the elderly as their bones weaken, or to people in high energy impact collisions. Symptoms include:
- Pain when placing weight on the knee
- Inflammation, bruising, and tenderness
- The leg may look shorter and contorted
- Proximal Tibia: frequently harm the soft tissue of the knee as well. The top of the tibia, where it meets the knee, is softer than the rest of the bone. These knee injuries frequently occur when the femur is forced by trauma into the soft bone at the top of the tibia. Proximal tibia knee injuries are sometimes minor breaks that occur from excessive activity, but most happen because of falling, sports injuries or car crashes. Symptoms include:
- Swelling surrounding the knee
- Visually obvious deformity or misalignment
- Numb, pale, or cold feet, as the flow of blood to the foot could be affected
Dislocation of the knee or kneecap can either happen when the femur and tibia are forced out of alignment, or when the patella is pushed out of place. These are typically caused by extreme force from sports, car accidents or falls. People with a slightly atypical structure of the knee are at a heightened risk of patellar dislocation knee injuries. While a Mapaville, MO doctor will be able to correct the dislocation, treatment by a physical therapist will be an important part of the recovery process to reduce swelling, slowly improve movement and increase strength in the hip and leg musculature.
ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL Injuries can be either tears or sprains. ACL injuries can often take place in high-energy sports where players are landing after jumping or switching direction quickly. The PCL can often be torn when there is trauma to the front of the knee as it is bent. Symptoms of these knee injuries include swelling and lack of stability. While ACL tears are often accompanied by damage to other parts of the knee, ACL tears alone are not always painful. MCL and LCL tears occur when there is blunt force that pushes the knee sideways.
Diagnoses and Tests
It is important to receive the proper immediate and long-term treatment after experiencing a knee injury. The care you receive can account for either quick and effective recovery or a lifetime of chronic, debilitating pain. In regards to knee injuries involving apparent and major trauma, such as a dislocated patella, tests may not be required and a Mapaville, MO ER doctor will work to stabilize the knee as quickly as possible. Other methods of diagnosis for knee injuries are:
- A physical examination. A Mapaville, MO medical professional can analyze the appearance and mobility of your knee while checking for inflammation or tenderness. Our physical therapists are professionals in human movement and provide free, no obligation injury screenings for your knee injuries and other injuries.
- X-Rays can show bone fractures and degenerative joint disease.
- CT scans combine X-rays from different angles to create cross-sectional images of your knee. They can help reveal knee injuries such as subtle fractures.
- Ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of the soft tissue in your knee. Your doctor may rotate and extend your knee at different angles to look for specific issues.
- MRIs create 3D images of the inside of your knee. This test is often used to reveal soft tissue injuries, such as ACL tears or patellar tendonitis.
If you are dealing with pain caused by a knee injury, contact Axes Physical Therapy to work with a Mapaville, MO physical therapist who specializes in knee injuries. Your knee injury therapist will analyze your motion, your mobility, and will also study the strength of your knee and its stability. After diagnosis, your Axes physical therapist in Mapaville, MO County will recommend a customized treatment plan, which might include an appointment with a Mapaville, MO orthopedic or sports physician.
Treatments and Therapy
Less significant knee injuries can often heal with the RICE Method: rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation. If you feel pain, you need to rest and to momentarily stop any activity you think may have led to your injury. Get medical attention if you hear a popping noise or feel loss of stability at the time of your injury, if you experience severe pain or swelling, cannot move the knee, or are unable to bear weight without pain. With some grave knee injuries, such as ACL tears or broken bones, surgery is required to correct the structure of the knee and return functionality. Physical therapy will then be part of your preoperative and postoperative treatment plan. A Mapaville, MO physical therapist who treats knee injuries will help you safely restore movement and strength to your knee as you recover. Typical therapies for knee injuries are (depending on your injury):
- Stretches and strengthening exercises of the entire leg and hip
- Core strengthening
- Ice and heat
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Electrical stimulation
- Proprioceptive exercises
- Functional return to sports, activity, and exercises
At Axes Physical Therapy, our treatment plans are grounded in proven treatment strategies and are tailored specifically for each patient. We guide you in your recuperation to safely get you back to the activities you love.
We treat a wide variety of conditions and complaints and have a team of specialists ready to help you. Some of our other services are:
- Sports Injury
- Work Injury Rehabilitation
- Physical Therapist Near Me
- Neck Pain
- Occupational Therapy
- Low Back Pain
- Free Injury Screening
Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Injuries
If you are experiencing knee pain or have recently experienced a knee injury, you require the expert advice of Mapaville, MO physical therapists to eliminate your pain and get you back to full motion. Axes Physical Therapy will help you get back to the sports and activities you love with the devoted, personalized care of your Axes physical therapist. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or discover the knee injury treatment location nearest you.