Knee injuries Park Hills, MO. The knee is a versatile joint that lets our bodies perform a wide array of functional activities like sitting, standing, lifting, walking, running, jumping and more. Experiencing a knee injury makes walking and a lot of other basic activities painful or even impossible. If you’ve recently suffered a knee injury or suffer from chronic knee pain, it is important to find first-rate physical therapy with licensed physical therapists in the Park Hills, MO area. At Axes Physical Therapy, we offer safe and effective care to hundreds of Park Hills, MO residents. Contact us today to find out more or schedule your first appointment.
Axes Physical Therapy provides customized, evidence-based analysis and treatment for those with knee injuries in Park Hills, MO. Our knee injury experts specialize in custom tailored treatment plans made specifically for your condition, needs and movement goals. As a network of physical therapy facilities locally owned and operated by Park Hills, MO physical therapists, Axes Physical Therapy is committed to serving the individual needs of each Park Hills, MO patient we see.
The Human Knee
The knee is one of the biggest and most complex joints we have. It connects the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone). The fibula (the small bone that runs on the side of the tibia) and patella (kneecap) are the other bones that constitute the knee joint. Surrounding the knee are leg muscles, which help move the knee, and tendons and ligaments that connect the knee bones to the leg muscles or ligaments which help stabilize the knee. These ligaments include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), which give stability to the front and back of the knee, and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL), which stabilize side-to-side movement. The medial and lateral menisci act as shock absorbers between the tibia and femur.
Because of the complexity of the joint and the pressure placed on the knee, with structures that can be torn, fractured, sprained, or dislocated, knee injuries are one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries that one can sustain. If you’ve suffered a knee injury or are dealing with chronic knee pain, you need the attention and careful treatment of Park Hills, MO area physical therapists. Our team of certified therapists who are highly knowledgeable when treating knee injuries will lead you in your rehabilitation and help you regain full mobility of your injured knee.
Types of Knee Injuries and Common Causes
Knee sprains can be painful knee injuries that occur when ligaments in the knee are torn or overstretched. Knee sprains are painful, and if left unattended or treated poorly can lead to continued issues, including arthritis. Knee sprains are typically the result of acute twisting injuries, or occur when an external force stretches or tears a ligament. It is usually a sports related injury that comes from force, such as a hit to the front or outside of the knee. Additionally, non contact knee sprains are very common and are caused by weakness, muscle fatigue or poor technique. Symptoms include:
- Weakness or tenderness
- Pain and stiffness
- Muscle Spasms
Torn cartilage can frequently happen in tandem with sprains, and take place when trauma to the knee tears the menisci. It’s usually the result of forcefully twisting or rotating your knee and is often seen in contact sports such as football, as well as sports like soccer or baseball with repeated leaping and rotating/pivoting. In older adults, a cartilage tear in the knee can happen with little or no external force as the knee cartilage loses flexibility and pliability with age. Symptoms include:
- Dull pain when working out or exercising
- Buckling or locking of the knee joint
- Crunching or popping noises when walking
- Difficulty bearing weight
- Inability to flex or straighten the knee
Patellar Tendonitis, also called “jumper’s knee,” is caused by inflammation of the tendons in the knee, specifically the quadriceps tendon. Anterior knee pain is usually the main symptom of this category of knee injury, and at the start it might only occur when working out or exercising. It often stems from overuse. Over time, the pain becomes worse and starts to make exercising or playing sports more difficult. If untreated, eventually you could find it difficult to climb stairs or even rise from a chair. That’s why it’s vital to seek out physical therapy for knee injuries.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a knee injury that worsens with time and causes pain felt in the front of the knee. The pain is caused by tracking and alignment problems between the patella and femur and is typically felt when climbing stairs or rising from a chair. The exact cause is still unknown; however, most doctors and physical and occupational therapists think these knee injuries happen because of general overuse and weakness of the quadriceps muscle and inflexibility of other hip and knee musculature.
Fractures are an extremely painful variety of knee injuries and require urgent medical attention. More complex fractures can necesitate surgery to repair the knee and return functionality. There are three common knee injuries associated with fractures:
- Patellar: a fracture of the kneecap that frequently takes place when you fall precisely on your knee, hit the dashboard in a car crash or suffer another kind of extreme external force to the knee. Symptoms include:
- Pain, swelling, and bruising
- Inability to straighten the knee or keep it keep it
- Inability to walk
- Distal Femur: occurs where the thigh bone and knee connect. The bone may shatter or can suffer a clean fracture. Distal femoral knee injuries often also hurt the cartilage in the knee, which makes them hard to treat. They typically occur in the elderly as their bones weaken, or to people in high energy impact collisions. Symptoms include:
- Pain when putting weight on the knee
- Swelling, bruising, and tenderness
- The leg may look shorter and crooked
- Proximal Tibia: often damage the soft tissue of the knee as well. The top of the tibia, where it meets the knee, is not as hard as the rest of the bone. These knee injuries often happen when the femur is forced by trauma into the soft bone at the top of the tibia. Proximal tibia knee injuries are sometimes minor breaks that occur from too much activity, but most happen because of falling, sports injuries or car accidents. Symptoms include:
- Swelling surrounding the knee
- Visually evident deformity or misalignment
- Lack of feeling or warmth in the foot, as the flow of blood to the foot could be restricted
Dislocation of the knee or kneecap can either take place when the femur and tibia are forced out of alignment, or when the patella is pushed out of place. These are typically caused by extreme force from sports, car accidents or falls. People with a somewhat unusual structure of the knee are at a higher risk of patellar dislocation knee injuries. While a Park Hills, MO doctor will be able to correct the dislocation, treatment by a physical therapist will be an essential facet of the recovery process to reduce swelling, slowly improve movement and improve strength in the hip and leg musculature.
ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL Injuries can be either tears or sprains. ACL injuries can often occur in high-action sports where players are landing after jumping or switching direction quickly. The PCL can frequently be torn when there is trauma to the front of the knee as it is bent. Symptoms of these knee injuries include swelling and lack of stability. While ACL tears are often accompanied by damage to other parts of the knee, by themselves they are often not painful. MCL and LCL tears occur when there is blunt force that pushes the knee sideways.
Diagnoses and Tests
It is important to receive the proper immediate and long-term care after suffering a knee injury. The treatment you receive can account for either quick and effective recovery or a lifetime of chronic, debilitating pain. In regards to knee injuries involving obvious and severe trauma, such as a dislocated patella, tests may not be necessary and a Park Hills, MO ER doctor will work to stabilize the knee as quickly as possible. Other methods of diagnosis for knee injuries are:
- A physical examination. A Park Hills, MO medical professional can analyze the appearance and movement of your knee while checking for swelling or tenderness. Our physical therapists are experts in human motion and conduct free, no obligation injury evaluations for your knee injuries and other injuries.
- X-Rays can show broken bones and degenerative joint disease.
- CT scans combine X-rays from various angles to build cross-sectional pictures of the inside of your knee. They can help detect knee injuries such as subtle fractures.
- Ultrasounds use sound waves to build images of the soft tissue in your knee. Your doctor may rotate and extend your knee into different positions to look for specific issues.
- MRIs create 3D images of the inside of your knee. This test is often utilized to detect soft tissue injuries, such as ACL tears or patellar tendonitis.
If you are dealing with pain caused by a knee injury, contact Axes Physical Therapy to work with a Park Hills, MO physical therapist who is an expert in knee injuries. Your knee injury therapist will analyze your motion, your mobility, and will also examine how strong and stable your knee is. After diagnosis, your Axes physical therapist in Park Hills, MO County will recommend a customized treatment plan, which might include follow-up with a Park Hills, MO orthopedic or sports physician.
Treatments and Therapy
Small knee injuries can often heal with the RICE Method: rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation. If you are experiencing pain, it’s important to rest and to momentarily cease any activity you think may have caused your injury. Seek medical attention if you hear a popping noise or feel loss of stability at the time of your injury, if you experience severe pain or swelling, are unable to move the knee, or cannot bear weight without pain. With some grave knee injuries, such as ACL tears or broken bones, surgery is necessary to correct the structure of the knee and make the knee functional again. Physical therapy will then be part of your preoperative and postoperative treatment plan. A Park Hills, MO physical therapist who specializes knee injuries will help you safely restore movement and strength to your knee as you recuperate. Typical therapies for knee injuries include (depending on your injury):
- Stretches and strengthening exercises of the entire lower extremity
- Core strengthening
- Ice and heat
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Electrical stimulation
- Proprioceptive exercises
- Functional return to sports, activity, and exercises
At Axes Physical Therapy, our treatment plans are founded on proven treatment strategies and are tailored specifically for each patient. We lead you in your recovery to safely get you back to the activities you love.
We treat a wide variety of conditions and complaints and have a team of specialists ready to help you. Some of our other services are:
- Sports Injury
- Work Injury Rehabilitation
- Physical Therapist Near Me
- Neck Pain
- Occupational Therapy
- Low Back Pain
- Free Injury Screening
Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Injuries
If you are experiencing knee pain or have recently experienced a knee injury, you require the specialized advice of Park Hills, MO physical therapists to eliminate your pain and return you to full motion. Axes Physical Therapy will help you get back to the sports and activities you love with the committed, personalized care of your Axes physical therapist. Contact us today to schedule an appointment or discover the knee injury treatment location nearest you.